ISBN-10:
0801894271
ISBN-13:
9780801894275
Pub. Date:
03/01/2010
Publisher:
Johns Hopkins University Press
The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe: Italy, Spain, and Romania, 1870-1945

The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe: Italy, Spain, and Romania, 1870-1945

by Dylan Riley

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Overview

The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe: Italy, Spain, and Romania, 1870-1945

Dylan Riley reconceptualizes the nature and origins of interwar fascism in this remarkable investigation of the connection between civil society and authoritarianism.

From the late nineteenth century to World War I, voluntary associations exploded across Europe, especially among rural non-elites. But the development of this "civil society" did not produce liberal democracy in Italy, Spain, and Romania. Instead, Riley finds that it undermined the nascent liberal regimes in these countries and was a central cause of the rise of fascism. Developing an original synthesis of Gramsci and Tocqueville, Riley explains this surprising outcome by arguing that the development of political organizations in the three nations failed to keep pace with the proliferation of voluntary associations, leading to a crisis of political representation to which fascism developed as a response. His argument shows how different forms of fascism in Italy, Spain, and Romania arose in response to the divergent paths taken by civil society development in each nation.

Presenting the seemingly paradoxical argument that the rapid development of civil society facilitated the rise of fascism in Italy, Spain, and Romania, Riley credibly challenges the notion that a strong civil society necessarily leads to the development of liberal democracy. Scholars and students interested in debates about the rise of fascism and authoritarianism, democratization, civil society, and comparative and historical methods will find his arguments compelling and his conclusions challenging.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780801894275
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 03/01/2010
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Dylan Riley is an assistant professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
1. Civil Society and Fascism in Interwar Europe
2. Party Fascism: Italy, 1870–1938
3. Traditionalist Fascism: Spain, 1876–1945
4. Statist Fascism: Romania, 1881–1940
5. Considering Alternatives
6. Rethinking Civil Society and Fascism
Notes
Bibliography
Index

What People are Saying About This

Georgi Derluguian

Make no mistake, this is much more than comparative fascisms. Dylan Riley not only rethinks and meshes the legacies of Tocqueville, Arendt and Gramsci; he sobers us up to the actual history of civil society and democratization in continental Europe. This theoretical lesson seems still gravely relevant elsewhere in the world today.

Georgi Derluguian, author of Bourdieu's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: A World-Systems Biography

William Sewell

This brilliant comparative study of the rise of fascism in Italy, Spain, and Romania brings Tocqueville and Gramsci into a novel and surprising conversation. It will change the way you think about civil society, fascism, and democracy.

Georgi Derluguian

Make no mistake, this is much more than comparative fascisms. Dylan Riley not only rethinks and meshes the legacies of Tocqueville, Arendt and Gramsci; he sobers us up to the actual history of civil society and democratization in continental Europe. This theoretical lesson seems still gravely relevant elsewhere in the world today.

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