The Colonial 'Civilizing Process' in Dutch Formosa, 1624-1662

The Colonial 'Civilizing Process' in Dutch Formosa, 1624-1662

by Hsin-hui Chiu




This book studies the dynamic encounter between Taiwan’s Indigenous Peoples (the Formosans), the Dutch VOC and Chinese settlers between 1624 and 1662. From the viewpoint of indigenous agency, the author offers a comprehensive picture of the Taiwanese colonial 'civilizing process' under Dutch rule. Using so far unexplored source materials from the VOC archives, the author shows how Taiwan’s Indigenous Peoples shaped their own colonial reality while retreating from 'the Age of Aboriginal Taiwan'.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004165076
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 10/16/2008
Series: TANAP Monographs on the History of Asian-European Interaction Series , #10
Pages: 348
Product dimensions: 6.60(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

H. H. Chiu (1967) is an Assistant Professor at the Institute of History, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan. She obtained her MA degree in Anthropology at National Taiwan University (NTU) and received her doctorate in History at Leiden University in 2007. Her main interests are historical and anthropological Austronesian studies.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xi

Abbreviations xv

Notes on spelling xvii

Glossary xix

Maps xxiii

Part 1 Scope and Scene

Chapter 1 Cross-cultural Encounters, Colonial 'Civilizing Process', and Indigenous Agency 3

A lost paradise as the focus of competition for maritime power 3

Dutch Formosa in a Chinese setting 4

'The Formosans' and 'the Age of Aboriginal Taiwan' 5

The colonial 'civilizing process' 6

Representing Formosan agency 9

Structure and themes 11

Chapter 2 Glimpses of 'Aboriginal Taiwan' 13

Otherness and the perception of the Formosans 14

Indigenous subsistence and trade 15

Inter-village warfare 18

Local leadership 21

The Chinese encroachment 25

Part 2 Expansion and Encounter

Chapter 3 From Strangers to Overlords 33

The Formosan encounter 33

Proof of superiority 34

A formula for war 37

The road to overlordship 39

A contractual bond of feudal vassalage 42

Sin and expiation 43

A symbolic contribution of sovereignty 44

Creating the Pax Neerlandica 46

Chapter 4 Depopulation and Diaspora 49

An island of legend 49

Shaping the image of Lamey 50

Relocation 55

Struggle for freedom 57

Disagreement between the Dutch authorities 59

The Lameyan diaspora 61

Chapter 5 Expansion for Commodities 65

Northwards in pursuit of Formosan deer products 65

The hunting-licence system 65

The conquest of the Favorlangh fields 67

Southwards in pursuit of Formosan gold 72

The Chinese impulse 72

Chasing gold to Lonckjouw 73

An exhibition of power in Tayouan 74

Peace for gold 75

Reaching Pimaba 76

The peace ceremony and the aftermath 78

A Dutch adventurer in the east 80

The death of an exemplary Company servant 82

The firstpunitive expedition to the east 84

Chapter 6 Conquest, Contest, and Connection 87

The demise of the Spanish regime 87

Formosan encounters after the conquest 89

A terror of new conquerors 89

Protection and authority 90

The final blow to the Favorlanghers 93

The weakening of centralized leadership 94

The exploration of Taraboan 97

The expedition to Cavalangh 98

Conquering Quataongh 99

Opening the Tamsuy Route 102

The overland routes from the south to the east 103

Uncovering mysterious Taraboan 105

Part 3 Empowerment and Entanglement

Chapter 7 Embodiment of Power 111

The core and frontiers of Dutch rule 111

The Landdag 113

The local administration 120

Political ministers and clerical 'politieken' 120

Non-clerical politieken 122

The Landdrost 123

'Civil interaction' 125

Spatial layout 125

Inter-ethnic marriage and indigenous citizenry 126

A 'sign of loyalty' 130

The competitive Formosan order 135

'Misbehaviour' and punishment 135

The regulation of mobility 138

Putative frontiers 139

The south 140

The east 142

The dominion of the Tamsuy authorities 146

Chapter 8 Devouring Prosperity 149

Colonial exploitation and labour relations 149

Chinese honeybees and Dutch apiarists 149

Agriculture 150

Inland fishing 153

Sulphur and coal 154

Forest products 155

Trade monopoly 158

Village leasehold system 159

An old issue, a new context 161

The 'invention of dominion' 164

Trade on the frontiers 166

Production and consumption in transition 169

Crises of ecology and subsistence 169

Changes in Formosan consumption 173

Textiles 173

Tobacco 176

Alcohol 178

Chapter 9 Convention and Conversion 181

The Sirayan religious practice 181

Deities and devotion 181

Priests and priestesses 184

Marriage and abortion 187

Healing and funerals 188

The Presence of Dutch Protestant Christianity 189

Laying the foundations 189

Conversion in awe 192

Conversion and 'civilization' 194

Localizing Christianity 197

Rapids and undercurrents 199

The triumph of bilingual formulation 201

Facing Formosan Roman Catholics 202

The fetishistic perception of Roman Catholicism 203

Contesting baptism 206

Dutch missionary work in northern Formosa 208

Pragmatic conversion 209

Purification 210

The tie with the spirit world 213

Part 4 Transition and Retrospection

Chapter 10 The Formosans in the Colonial 'Civilizing Process' 221

The Formosans in the Chinese Conquest 221

'Formosan nostalgia'? 223

Exploring images of the Formosan colonial past 229

Notes 233


1 Governors-General and Governors of Formosa, 1624-1662 301

2 Dutch local political administration in Formosa, 1643-1662 302

3 Yearly rent of leased divisions, 1644-1657 (Reals) 305

4 Dutch Protestants and Spanish Dominicans in Formosa, 1626-1662 308

5 Dutch missionaries in Formosa, 1624-1662 309

Bibliography 315

Index 333

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