The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century: The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19

The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century: The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19

by Karen Louise Jolly


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 The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century: The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 reveals the dynamic role a seemingly marginalized community played during a defining period for the emergence of English religious identity. Based on her new critical edition of additions made to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 and by questioning the purpose of those late tenth-century additions, Karen Louise Jolly is able to uncover much about the Chester-le-Street scribes and their tumultuous time, rife as it was with various political tensions, from Vikings and local Northumbrian nobles to an increasingly dominant West Saxon monarchy.

Why, for instance, would a priest laboriously insert an Old English gloss above every Latin word in a collection of prayers intended to be performed in Latin? What motivated the same English scribe to include Irish-derived Christian materials in the manuscript, including prayers invoking the archangel Panchiel to clear birds from a field?
Jolly’s extensive contextual analysis includes a biography of Aldred, the priest and provost of the community primarily responsible for adding these unusual texts. Besides reinterpreting the manuscript's paleography and codicology, she investigates both the drive for reform evidenced by the added liturgical materials and the new importance of Irish-derived encyclopedic and educational materials.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780814211816
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
Publication date: 05/28/2012
Series: Text and Context Series
Pages: 536
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Karen Louise Jolly is associate professor in the department of history at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations ix

Illustrations xiii

Preface and Acknowledgments xv

Chapter 1 History: The Temporal and Geographic Landscape in Northumbria 1

Northumbria and Wessex: English Identity and Christian Reform 4

Chester-le-Street in the Tenth Century: Land and Power 15

The Sociopolitical Landscape 17

The Natural World and the Built Environment 24

Chapter 2 Biography: Aldred and his World 37

Lindisfarne Colophon and Gloss: A Good Woman's Son Earns a Place 41

Durham Colophon: Provost of Cuthbert's family 60

Chapter 3 Paleography and Codicology: The Chester-Le-Street Scriptorium 71

In the Scriptorium: Paleography and Codicology 73

Medieval Survival and Modern Antiquarians: The Later History of Durham A.IV.19 88

Chapter 4 Liturgy: The Community of St. Cuthbert at Prayer 110

Service Books 112

Office Materials 119

Prayer in the Divine Office 120

Readings 129

Hymns 131

Communal Services 136

Community of the Saints: Memorials for the Living and the Dead 137

Community Service: Blessing Things 143

Chapter 5 Scholarship and Education: The Textual Community at Chester-Le-Street 151

Learning to Write and Writing to Learn: Scribe B 151

Thinking and Teaching: Aldred's Glosses 162

Language Study at Chester-le-Street: Encyclopedic Additions 172

Qxi.48 Notae Juris 175

Qxi.49 De Octo Pondera 179

Qxi.50-51 Official Lists 183

Qxi.53-55 Places in Christian History 190

Chapter 6 Conclusion: Religious Formation and the Vocabulary of Prayer 200

In the Scriptorium, Schoolroom, and Library: Reading, Writing, and Study 202

In the Church and Cloister: Individual and Corporate Prayer 207

In the Field and On the Road: Blessings and Protection 210

A Sacramental World 214

The Texts: Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 217

Collation Diagrams 220

Codicological Map 223

Quire VIII 230

Quires IX-X Booklet + Fol. 76 246

Quire XI Booklet 280

Bibliography 361

Index of texts 395

Index verborum 397

General index 402

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