The Concept of

The Concept of "Sister Churches" in Catholic-Orthodox Relations since Vatican II

by Will Cohen

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781498299701
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 09/28/2017
Pages: 326
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.65(d)

About the Author

Will Cohen, a subdeacon in the Orthodox Church in America, is Associate Professor of Theology at the University of Scranton in Pennsylvania, and serves as President of the Orthodox Theological Society in America. He was educated at Brown University (BA, 1988), St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (MDiv, 2002), and The Catholic University of America (PhD, 2010).

Table of Contents

Preface Metropolitan Kallistos Ware v

Preface Cardinal Kurt Koch vii

Author's Preface xi

Summary xiv

Acknowledgments xv

Abbreviations xvi

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 The Concept of "Sister Churches" Prior to Vatican II 5

I The earliest shape of the concept 5

1 Johns Second Epistle - plurality and personality 5

2 Revelation 2-3 - locality and temporality 6

3 Second Corinthians 11:2 - a local church as bride 8

4 First Clement and Ignatius of Antioch 9

II The further sense of the concept: similar standing 11

1 Churches as sisters in Basil the Great and Pope Innocent I 11

2 Mother churches as sister churches 13

III A new tension between "mother church" and "sister churches" 21

1 Rome as mater ecclesia according to the western reformers 23

2 The 12th century Byzantine understanding of patriarchal sister churches 28

IV The imperial factor 37

1 Sister churches in a single Christian empire 38

2 Sister churches amidst imperial division 40

3 Sister churches in a post-imperial context 45

Chapter 2 Modern Development of the Use of "Sister Churches" in Catholic-Orthodox Relations: 1958-1972 48

I Background 49

II First usages; terminological asymmetry between the two parties 53

III Rome reciprocates in using the expression "sister churches" 61

Chapter 3 Patterns and Ambiguities in 20th Century Usage 70

I The question of the precise identities of the "sisters" 72

1 The see of Rome and the see of Constantinople as sister churches 74

2 The (Roman) Catholic Church and the (Eastern) Orthodox Church 81

a) Letters and speeches up to 1980 pairing the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church 82

b) Texts from 1980 on pairing the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church 89

3 The Catholic Church and the Orthodox Churches 98

4 The Catholic Churches and the Orthodox Churches 102

II Summarizing Reflections 106

Chapter 4 Catholic Theological Reflection on the Concept of Sister Churches 111

I Six contributions in Catholic theological reflection on "sister churches" 112

1 Emmanuel Lanne 112

Lanne's commentary on Paul VI's Anno ineunte 113

Lanne's understanding of the basis of the concept of sister churches 114

Canonized holiness as a qualification of sister churches 116

Whether there can be sister churches on the regional level 117

Implications of recognizing another church as a sister church 118

Mutual recognition as sister churches and a re-reception of Vatican I 122

2 Yves Congar 123

3 Waclaw Hryniewicz 126

An ecclesiology of sister churches excludes "soteriological exclusivism" 128

"Sister churches" on the regional level 132

Doctrine and ecumenism 134

"Ecumenical Aporetics" 136

4 Adriano Garuti 138

Distinctions in usage 139

The Catholic Church is not the sister of the Orthodox Church (usage 2) 141

Catholic Church = Roman Catholic Church = universal church, which cannot be a sister church (usage 3) 143

Orthodox and Catholic particular churches as sister churches (usage 4) 144

Communion in faith and in government as prerequisites for sister churches status 145

Patriarchal sister churches? 149

5 The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith 151

The CDF's 2000 Note on the Expression "Sister Churches" 151

The local church and the universal church 154

Subsists in 157

6 Hervé Legrand 162

Legrand's critique of the idea of the priority of the universal church 165

Legrand's interpretation of subsistit in 169

II Concluding Observations 173

Chapter 5 Orthodox Theological Reflection on the Concept of Sister Churches 182

I Orthodox advocates of the idea of "sister churches" in Orthodox-Catholic relations 183

1 John Meyendorff 183

2 Metropolitan Maximos Aghiorgoussis of Ainou 190

3 John Erickson 193

4 Metropolitan Damaskinos Papandreou 199

II Orthodox critics of "sister churches" in Orthodox-Catholic relations 205

1 Letter to the Ecumenical Patriarch from the Sacred Community of Mount Athos 205

2 John S. Romanides 210

3 George Metallinos, and the Orthodox debate concerning non-Orthodox baptism 216

4 Archbishop Dmitri Royster of Dallas 230

III Concluding Observations 235

Chapter 6 The Adequacy and Value of the Concept of Sister Churches for Catholic and Orthodox Ecclesiology 241

I Comparison of Catholic and Orthodox advocates of "sister churches" 241

II Comparison of Catholic and Orthodox critics of "sister churches" 245

III Proposals in response to critics of "sister churches" 251

A Response to Catholic concerns 252

1 Why the Orthodox Church may be called the sister of the Catholic Church 252

2 What is valuable about the supra-diocesan usage 258

3 How "sister churches" may apply to the two overarching Churches of East and West 263

B Response to Orthodox concerns 265

The Branch Theory inverted 272

IV Concluding Observations 277

Chapter 7 Conclusion 281

Bibliography 285

1 Patristic, medieval and early modern works 285

2 Modern works concerned wholly or in part with the subject of "sister churches" 287

3 Official ecclestical texts, correspondence between hierarchs, and ecumenical documents 290

4 Other works 292

Index of Names 299

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