The Organization believed the Union was going to invade Texas and divide the state along the Colorado River. At that time 'the organization' support by other Unionists group would rise up and assist the Union Army and proclaim The Free State of Texas. With the Texas and Confederate authorities began to learn about the resistance they proclaimed martial law and set military forces into the Hill County. Several insurgencies and unionists were arrested and tried by a military court. This is the record of the trial, with extensive notes compiled by William Paul Burrier.