In June of 1878, the British Empire acquired the small Mediterranean island of Cyprus, after a secret agreement with the Ottoman Empire. The occupation of Cyprus was officially announced by the British government about a month later and what followed was an unprecedented mania with the island, which manifested itself through the publication of dozens of books and articles, the composition of poems, novels, and music pieces, the staging of operas and ballets, the appearance of dozens of advertisements in newspapers, the dispatch of special correspondents to the island, the announcement of forthcoming tours, etc. This book examines the "Cyprus Frenzy" of 1878 and the way it was expressed in both major and provincial newspapers in Victorian Britain. It follows the six main special correspondents who were commissioned to cover the occupation and who traveled to the island for that purpose: Archibald Forbes (The Daily News), St. Leger Algernon Herbert (The Times), John Augustus O'Shea (The London Evening Standard), Edward Henry Vizetelly (The Glasgow Herald), Samuel Pasfield Oliver (The Illustrated London News), and Hepworth Dixon (for several provincial newspapers). What is pertinent in the investigation of Victorian journalistic practices is the relationship between these correspondents and the military establishment, which was tasked with the duty of forming the first British government on the island. In this context, General Garnet Wolseley, who served as the island's first High Commissioner, and his famous clique of associates are central characters in the story of Cyprus' colonization. The book further considers the role of advertisements in propagating colonial discourse and it examines "Letters to the Editor," published in major newspapers of the time, as a tool in the investigation of the Victorian readers' reception and response to the occupation. By concentrating on the history of a very particular event--the British occupation of Cyprus in 1878--this book aspires to scrutinize colonial practices through a close examination of the mechanisms that they put in motion, the networks they utilize, and the fantasies they stir.
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About the Author
Marinos Pourgouris is assistant professor of literary theory and modern Greek studies at the University of Cyprus.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Empire of Intimacy
Chapter 2: Advertisements: “Cyprus! Cyprus! Cyprus!”
Chapter 3: St. Leger Algernon Herbert and The Times of London
Chapter 4: Archibald Forbes and The Daily News
Chapter 5: John Augustus O’Shea and The London Evening Standard
Chapter 6: Edward Henry Vizetelly and The Glasgow Herald
Chapter 7: Samuel Pasfield Oliver and The Illustrated London News
Chapter 8: Hepworth Dixon and the Provincial Press
Chapter 9: Letters to the Editor: J. L. Haddan’s Pioneer Railway and V. L. Cameron’s Journey to Cyprus