The Defining Years of the Dutch East Indies, 1942-1949: Survivors' Accounts of Japanese Invasion and Enslavement of Europeans and the Revolution That Created Free Indonesia

The Defining Years of the Dutch East Indies, 1942-1949: Survivors' Accounts of Japanese Invasion and Enslavement of Europeans and the Revolution That Created Free Indonesia

by Jan A. Krancher
ISBN-10:
0786417072
ISBN-13:
9780786417070
Pub. Date:
08/21/2003
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
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Overview

The Defining Years of the Dutch East Indies, 1942-1949: Survivors' Accounts of Japanese Invasion and Enslavement of Europeans and the Revolution That Created Free Indonesia

Following their invasion of Java on March 1, 1942, the Japanese began a process of Japanization of the archipelago, banning every remnant of Dutch rule. Over the next three years, more than 100,000 Dutch citizens were shipped to Japanese internment camps and more than four million romushas, forced Indonesian laborers, were enlisted in the Japanese war effort.
The Japanese occupation stimulated the development of Indonesian independence movements. Headed by Sukarno, a longtime admirer of Japan, nationalist forces declared their independence on August 17, 1945. For Dutch citizens, Dutch-Indonesians or “Indos,” and pro-Dutch Indonesians, Sukarno’s declaration marked the beginning of a new wave of terror. These powerful and often poignant stories from survivors of the Japanese occupation and subsequent turmoil surrounding Indonesian independence provide one with a vivid portrait of the hardships faced during the period.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786417070
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 08/21/2003
Edition description: ALT
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 991,994
Product dimensions: (w) x (h) x 0.57(d)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface 1

Introduction 5

1. Andrew A. van Dyk 11

Overview of the Imprisonment Experience

2. Frans J. Nicolaas Ponder 25

A Soldier in the Royal Netherlands-Indies Army

3. Willem Wanrooy 39

A Letter to My Grandson

4. Arthur Stock 43

A British Prisoner of War

5. Anton Acherman 56

Glimpses of Camp Life

6. Johannes Vandenbroek 64

A Teacher Turned Soldier and Imprisoned by the Japanese

7. William H. Maaskamp 71

A Dutch Youth Tortured and Imprisoned by the Japanese, Then Pressed into Service

Against Indonesian Freedom Fighters

8. Denis Dutrieux 85

“They Can’t Be Human Beings!'”

9. Mathilde Ponder-van Kempen 98

A Wartime Girlhood

10. Barend A. van Nooten 103

The Mouse-Deer and the Tiger

11. Willy Riemersma-Philippi 117

Imprisoned in Our Own Home

12. Maria McFadden-Beek 126

Ode to My Mother

13. Karel Senior 133

New Terror on the Way Home

14. Hendrik B. Babtist 148

The Protectors Abandoned Us

15. Pieter Groenevelt 155

The Bombs That Saved My Life

16. Jan Vos 162

Memories of an Indo Boy

17. Feite Posthumus 175

An Unlikely Friendship

18. K.A. Peter van Berkum 188

Saved by a Stranger

19. Rita la Fontaine-de Clercq Zubli 196

Disguised as a Boy

20. Greta Kwik 214

The Loss of My Father

21. Gerda Dikman-van den Broek 225

Innocence Denied

22. J. Alexandra Humphrey-Spier 234

Never to See the Land of My Birth Again

23. Amani J. Fliers-Hoeke 249

The Missing Years

24. Joyce F. Kater-Hoeke 252

Liberated, Yet Not Free

Appendices

I. Chronological Summary of Events in the Former Dutch East Indies from December 3, 1941, to December 31, 1942 257

II. Foreign Terms and Abbreviations 262

III. Mortality Statistics of Civilian Internees 263

IV. New Versus Old Indonesian Placenames 268

Index 271

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