The Early Stage of People's Republic of China (1949-1956)

The Early Stage of People's Republic of China (1949-1956)

by Enrich Professional Publishing (Editor)


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789814339902
Publisher: Enrich Professional Publishing
Publication date: 06/01/2012
Series: Enrich History of Chinese Political Econ
Pages: 136
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.38(d)

About the Author

This is a must-read book to the study of China's modern history from 1949-1976, covering the Cultural Revolution, the Great Leap Forward, and the Golden Age of Industrialization. It presents the context for the following 30 years of reforms in China, as well as President Xi’s latest series of reforms. The historical incidents covered in this series are the ones which continue to influence the ideological and policy developments of China today and they will shape its future. Professor Hu Angang, prominent Tsinghua University economics professor and the leading "New Leftist" academic, offers his compelling insights into these decades of chaos and political turbulence in China.

Read an Excerpt

China’s large population raised the need of basic policies on birth control, employment creation, agricultural development, and boosting grain yield. Zhou Enlai, then Vice-Chairman of the CPC Central Committee and Premier of the State Council, repeatedly pressed the issue. In 1954, he observed that the underdeveloped production capability and large population of China would allow employment problems to persist for another fairly long period.38 In 1956, he noted there are both advantages and disadvantages of a large population. Large population leads to huge consumption. Among basic necessities—food, clothing, shelter, and transportation—food is of top priority. Chinese population increases at an annual rate of 2%, with more than 10 million newborns each year—that is a fairly impressive number. By contrast, food production increases at a modest average annual rate of 3%. In view of this, Zhou Enlai advocated economizing on food products. It was a pity that his population policies based on China’s conditions were not implemented during the population boom in the 1950s and 1960s. They were not adopted until the early 1970s, when Mao Zedong necessitated control under enormous population pressure.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 China's Situation in the Context of Modernization
1. General Perceptions on China's National Conditions of Mao Zedong and Other Early Leaders
Chapter 2 Economic Development History of China
1. From Divergence to Convergence: China's Economic Development
2. China's Share in World's Economic Aggregate, International Trade
3. International Comparison of China's Income Per Capita
4. Causes of China's Economic Stagnation
Chapter 3 Initial Conditions for China's Modern Economic Development
1. China's Favorable Conditions for Modernization
2. China's Economic and Social Conditions at the Start of Industrialization
3. Major Economic Sectors Before and After the Founding of the PRC

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