Eugene McCarraher challenges the conventional view of capitalism as a force for disenchantment. From Puritan and evangelical valorizations of profit to the heavenly Fordist city, the mystically animated corporation, and the deification of the market, capitalism has hijacked our intrinsic longing for divinity, laying hold to our souls.
Eugene McCarraher is Associate Professor of Humanities at Villanova University and the author of Christian Critics: Religion and the Impasse in Modern American Social Thought. He has written for Dissent and The Nation and contributes regularly to Commonweal, The Hedgehog Review, and Raritan. His work on The Enchantments of Mammon was supported by fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Council of Learned Societies.
Table of Contents
Cover Title Page Copyright Dedication Epigraphs Contents Prologue Part One. The Dearest Freshness Deep Down Things: Capitalist Enchantment in Europe, 1600–1914 1. About His Business: The Medieval Sacramental Economy, the Protestant Theology of “Improvement,” and the Emergence of Capitalist Enchantment 2. The God among Commodities: Christian Political Economy, Marx on Fetishism, and the Power of Money in Bourgeois Society 3. The Poetry of the Past: Romantic Anticapitalism and the Sacramental Imagination Part Two. A Hundred Dollars, a Hundred Devils: Mammon in America, 1492–1870 4. Errand into the Marketplace: The Puritan Covenant Theology of Capitalism 5. The Righteous Friends of Mammon: Evangelicals, Mormons, Slaveholders, and the Proprietary Dispensation 6. Glows and Glories and Final Illustriousness: Transcendentalism, the Religion of the Slaves, and the Romantic Imagination in Antebellum America Part Three. The Mystical Body of Business: The Corporate Reconstruction of Capitalist Enchantment, 1870–1920 7. God Gave Me My Money: The Incorporation of America and the Persistence of Evangelical Enchantment 8. The Soulful Corporation: Corporate Fetishism and the Incorporation of Enchantment 9. Blazers of the One True Way: Corporate Humanism, Management Theory, and the Mechanization of Communion 10. The Spirit of the Thing: Advertising and the Incorporation of the Beatific Vision 11. Modern Communion: Corporate Liberalism and Imperialist Eschatology Part Four. The Beloved Commonwealth: Visions of Cooperative Enchantment, 1870–1920 12. The Producers’ Jeremiad: The Populist Reformation of the Covenant Theology 13. The Cross Is Bending: The Socialist Jeremiad and the Covenant Theology 14. The Priesthood of Art: Anarchism, Arts and Crafts, and the Re-enchantment of the World 15. Another Kingdom of Being: The Crisis of Metaphysical Experience and the Search for Passionate Vision Part Five. The Heavenly City of Fordism: Enchantment in the Machine Age, 1920–1945 16. Business Is the Soul of America: The New Capitalism and the Business Millennium 17. The American Century and the Magic Kingdom: Mythologies of the Machine Age 18. A New Order and Creed: Human Relations as Fordist Moral Philosophy 19. Beauty as the New Business Tool: Advertising, Industrial Design, and the Enchantment of Corporate Modernism Part Six. Predicaments of Human Divinity: Critics of Fordist Enchantment, 1920–1945 20. The Mysticism of Numbers: Postwar Enthusiasm for Technocracy 21. Secular Prayers and Impieties: The Cultural Front as Migration of the Holy 22. Small Is Beautiful: The Religion of Small Property and Lewis Mumford’s Novum Organum 23. Human Divinity: F. Scott Fitzgerald, James Agee, and the Son of God Part Seven. One Vast and Ecumenical Holding Company: The Prehistory of Neoliberal Enchantment, 1945–1975 24. God’s in His Heaven, All’s Right with the World: The Political Economy of Containment and the Economic Theology of the Cold War Consensus 25. Machines of Loving Grace: Auguries of the Corporate Counterculture 26. The New Testament of Capitalism: The Resurgence of Evangelical Enchantment and the Theology of Neoliberalism 27. The Statues of Daedalus: Postmaterialism and the Failure of the Liberal Imagination 28. To Live Instead of Making History: Herbert Marcuse, Norman O. Brown, and the Romantic Eschatology of Immanence 29. Heaven Which Exists and Is Everywhere around Us: The Sacramental Vision of Postwar Utopians Epilogue Notes Acknowledgments Index