The End Again: Degeneration and Visual Culture in Modern Spain

The End Again: Degeneration and Visual Culture in Modern Spain

by Oscar E. Vazquez




As fin de siglo Spain struggled with perceived decadence and decline, the visual arts reflected the debate and influenced the outcome. This volume argues that the way artists understood and depicted the concepts of degeneration and regeneration is essential to understanding the broader societal conversation and is inseparable from definitions of Spanish modernism.

Oscar E. Vázquez examines how painting, sculpture, drawing, and popular illustrated materials approached “endings” and “beginnings” during the Bourbon monarchy’s restoration. Throughout this period, people inside and outside the art world came to associate degeneration with certain types of artistic productions, spaces, and human bodies, imbuing them with backwardness, violence, criminality, and disease. Pictorial representations contributed to this understanding that specific things, actions, attitudes, and ways of being were degenerative and backward or, alternatively, regenerative and modern. Vázquez explores the significance of these disparate perceptions and how their visual representations reflected Spanish national identity and modernism.

An in-depth study of the ideas of degeneration and regeneration in modernist Spain, The End Again is an insightful look at how art can affect the social and cultural debates at the heart of a nation.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780271071213
Publisher: Penn State University Press
Publication date: 03/15/2017
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 9.40(w) x 10.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Oscar E. Vázquez is Associate Professor of Art History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the author of Inventing the Art Collection: Patrons, Markets, and the State in Nineteenth-Century Spain, also published by Penn State.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents

List of Illustrations



Chapter 1 Fragmentation: Fortuny’s Frame and the Melancholy of the New

Chapter 2 Suture: Academies, Regionalism and Artistic Decline

Chapter 3 Exhaustion: Degeneration in Fin de Siglo Spanish Arts

Chapter 4 Parody: Exhibitions Spaces and Modernism

Chapter 5 Containment: Reconquests, Colonialism and the Specter of Collapse

Chapter 6 (Dis)Inheritance: Rachitic Bodies and Medical Discourses

Chapter 7 Decay: Or, the Aristocracy’s Degeneration

Chapter 8 Displacements: Regoyos, Verhaeren and La España Negra

Epilogue The End Again




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