The Essential UN

The Essential UN

by United Nations (Editor)

Paperback(New Edition)

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As the world’s only truly universal global organization, the United Nations has become the foremost forum to address issues that transcend national boundaries and cannot be resolved by any one country acting alone. This authoritative reference provides a comprehensive introduction and overview of the work of the UN in key areas of international peace and security, economic and social development, human rights, and humanitarian action.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789211013726
Publisher: United Nations
Publication date: 12/04/2018
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 160
Sales rank: 589,821
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

United Nations Publications is the official publisher for the UN and it produces over 400 titles each year. The range of subjects covered are as varied as the issues being tackled by the UN as it works for a better world for all. Since the first printing of the UN Charter, this publishing unit has been providing valued information to those in government, academia and business

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 An introduction to the United Nations 7

Quick facts about the United Nations 8

History 9

The idea of a peaceful world community 9

The League of Nations 9

Creation of the United Nations 10

What is the United Nations? 15

A forum for countries, not a world government 16

Guiding principles of the United Nations 16

Emblem 17

Flag 17

Structure of the Organization 18

United Nations Headquarters 18

Membership and budget 18

Good value for money 21

Becoming a Member State of the United Nations 21

Permanent Observer States 21

Official Languages 22

Chapter 2 The United Nations family 23

Quick facts about the United Nations family 24

Principal organs of the United Nations 25

General Assembly 25

Security Council 27

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) 29

Trusteeship Council 30

International Court of Justice 31

Secretariat 33

The United Nations: a family of specialized entities 39

Agencies 39

Funds and programmes 41

Research and training institutes 43

Other entities 44

Related organizations 45

Messengers of Peace and Goodwill Ambassadors 46

Chapter 3 Economic and social development 47

Quick facts on economic and social development 48

Development: a priority for the United Nations 49

Poverty and development 49

Globalization 49

United Nations action 51

Sustainable Development Goals 52

The 17 goals 53

Development for today and tomorrow 59

Sustainable development 59

Linking environment and development 61

Chapter 14 International peace and security 67

Quick facts on international peace and security 68

Poverty causes conflict, which results in poverty 69

How do we break the cycle? 69

Local consequences of a conflict 69

The cost of conflict is felt throughout a region 69

The United Nations: created to keep peace 70

Preventing conflict 71

Other accomplishments 71

What happens when a country ignores the decisions of the Security Council? 72

Peacekeeping and peacebuilding 72

Commanding the peacekeeping operations 74

There when the world needs them 74

A cost-effective solution 76

Financing the United Nations peacekeeping missions 76

The first United Nations peacekeeping operation 76

Three examples of peacekeeping operations 77

Creating a sustainable environment for peace 78

Do we need the United Nations to work for peace? 78

Peacemaking, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, and nation building 79

Children and armed conflicts 80

A global counter-terrorism strategy 82

Disarmament 84

The impact of armed violence 84

Controlling small arms and light weapons 85

Ensuring world safety by reducing nuclear weapons 86

Disarmament is an urgent global need 87

Some United Nations actions for disarmament 87

Battling cluster munitions and landmines 87

The Nobel Peace Prize and the United Nations 89

Chapter 5 Human rights and the rule of law 91


Human rights: what are they? 93

Definition 93

Characteristics of human rights 94

The United Nations and human rights 95

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 95

Human rights law 95

Other international Human Rights Instruments 96

Who is responsible for human rights at the United Nations? 97

The Right to development for all 101

Development as a right 101

Declaration on the Right to Development 101

A framework to promote all human rights 102

Rule of law 103

Children too have rights 115

Providing legal protection for children 115

Children's rights 116

The United Nations and children's rights 118

Chapter 6 Humanitarian crises and responses 123

Quick facts about humanitarian crises and responses 124

Emergencies that affect people around the world 125

Different types of disasters 125

Recent disaster trends 126

The impact of disasters: key humanitarian needs and risk management 127

Coordination of emergency assistance 128

Inter-agency coordination 128

Who are the humanitarian workers? 129

United Nations agencies in the field: who is on the ground? 130

Immediate emergency response: saving more lives 130

Long-term emergency response: getting people back on their feet 134

Emergency preparedness and prevention 136

Additional Information 139

Frequently asked questions 141

United Nations observances 145

The United Nations System 150

Member States 153

Flags of the Member States 158

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