The Formation of the Soviet Union: Communism and Nationalism, 1917 / Edition 2 available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
Here is the history of the disintegration of the Russian Empire, and the emergence, on its ruins, of a multinational Communist state. In this revealing account, Richard Pipes tells how the Communists exploited the new nationalism of the peoples of the Ukraine, Belorussia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Volga-Ural areafirst to seize power and then to expand into the borderlands.
The Formation of the Soviet Union acquires special relevance in the post-Soviet era, when the ethnic groups described in the book once again reclaimed their independence, this time apparently for good.
In a 1996 Preface to the Revised Edition, Pipes suggests how material recently released from the Russian archives might supplement his account.
About the Author
Richard Pipes is Frank B. Baird, Jr., Professor of History, Emeritus, at Harvard University.
Table of Contents
1. The National Problem in Russia
The Russian Empire on the Eve of the 1917 Revolution
National Movements in Russia
The Ukrainians and Belorussians. The Turkic Peoples. The Peoples of the Caucasus.
Socialism and the National Problem in Western and Central Europe
Russian Political Parties and the National Problem
Lenin and the National Question before 1913
Lenin's Theory of Self-Determination
2. 1917 and The Disintegration of the Russian Empire
The General Causes
The Ukraine and Belorussia
The Rise of the Ukrainian Central Rada (February-June 1917). From July to the
October Revolution in the Ukraine. Belorussia in 1917.
The Moslem Borderlands
The All-Russian Moslem Movement. The Crimea in 1917. Bashkiriia and the
Kazakh-Kirghiz Steppe. Turkestan and the Autonomous Government of Kokand.
The Terek Region and Daghestan. Transcaucasia.
The Bolsheviks in Power
3. Soviet Conquest of the Ukraine and Belorussia
The Fall of the Ukrainian Central Rada
The Communist Party of the Ukraine: Its Formation and Early Activity (1918)
The Struggle of the Communists for Power in the Ukraine in 1919
Belorussia from 1918 to 1920
4. Soviet Conquest of the Moslem Borderlands
The Moslem Communist Movement in Soviet Russia (1918)
The Bashkir and Tatar Republics
The Kirghiz Republic
5. Soviet Conquest of the Caucasus
The Transcaucaslan Federation
Soviet Rule in the North Caucasus and Eastern Transcaucasia (1918)
The Terek Region. Baku.
The Independent Republics (1918-19)
Azerbaijan. Armenia. Georgia.
The Prelude to the Conquest
The Fall of Azerbaijan. The Fall of Armenia. The Fall of Georgia.
6. The Establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The Consolidation of the Party and State Apparatus
The RSPSR. Relations between the RSFSR and the other Soviet Republics. The
The Opposition to Centralization
Enver Pasha and the Basmachis. Nationalist-Communist Opposition: Sultan-Galiev.
Communist Opposition: the Ukraine. Communist Opposition: Georgia.
Formulation of Constitutional Principles of the Union
Change of Mind
The Last Discussion of the Nationality Question
Chronology of Principal Events
Ethnic Distribution of Population, 1897 and 1926
The System of Transliteration