Many contemporary neuroscientists are skeptical about the belief that dreaming accomplishes anything in the context of human adaptation and this skepticism is widely accepted in the popular press. This book provides answers to that skepticism from experimental and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and anthropologists. Ranging across the human and life sciences, the authors provide provocative insights into the enduring question of dreaming from the point of view of the brain, the individual, and culture. The Functions of Dreaming contains both new theory and research on the functions of dreaming as well as revisions of older theories dating back to the founder of modern dream psychology, Sigmund Freud. Also explored are the many roles dreaming plays in adaptation to daily living, in human development, and in the context of different cultures: search, integration, identity formation, memory consolidation, the creation of new knowledge, and social communication.
About the Author
Alan Moffitt and Robert Hoffmann are Professors of Psychology in the Department of Psychology and are co-directors of the Laboratory of Sleep and Chronopsychology at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada.
Milton Kramer is Director of Sleep Disorders at Bethesda Oak Hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Table of Contents
1. Data Constraints on Theorizing About Dream Function
2. The Function of Dreaming in the Cycles of Cognition: A Biogenetic Structural Account
John McManus, Charles D. Laughlin, and Jon Shearer
3. A Model of Dreaming and Its Functional Significance: The State-Shift Hypothesis
Martha Koukkou and Dietrich Lehmann
4. Connectionism and Sleep
Gordon G. Globus
5. The Selective Mood Regulatory Function of Dreaming: An Update and Revision
6. Waking, Dreaming, and Self-Regulation
Sheila Purcell, Alan Moffitt, and Robert Hoffmann
7. REM Sleep and Dreams as Mechanisms of the Recovery of Search Activity
V. S. Rotenberg
8. The Repetition of Dreams and Dream Elements: A Possible Clue to a Function of Dreams
G. William Domhoff
9. Dreams and Adaptation to Contemporary Stress
10. REM Sleep and Learning: Some Recent Findings
11. An Integrated Approach to Dream Theory: Contributions from Sleep Research and Clinical Practice
Ramon Greenberg and Chester Pearlman
12. The "Royal Road" to the Unconscious Revisited: A Signal Detection Model of Dream Function
13. The Impact of Dreams on Waking Thoughts and Feelings
Don Kuiken and Shelley Sikora
14. Reasons for Oneiromancy: Some Psychological Functions of Conventional Dream Interpretation
Waud H. Kracke
15. "Pity the Bones by Wandering River which Still Lovers' Dream Appear as Men"
Robert Knox Dentan and Laura J. McClusky
16. Dreaming: Could We Do Without It?