ISBN-10:
1444331396
ISBN-13:
9781444331394
Pub. Date:
02/21/2012
Publisher:
Wiley
The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

by William A. Link, Susannah J. Link

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Overview

The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

This volume presents documents that illustrate the variety ofexperiences and themes involved in the transformation of Americanpolitical, economic, and social systems during the Gilded Age andProgressive Era (1870-1920).

  • Includes nearly 70 documents which cover the period from theend of the Civil War and Reconstruction in the 1870s  throughWorld War I
  • Explores the experiences of people during the Gilded Age andProgressive Era from a variety of diverse perspectives, includingimportant political and cultural leaders as well as everydayindividuals
  • Charts the nationalization of American life and theestablishment of the United States as a global power
  • Introduces students to historical analysis and encourages themto engage critically with primary sources
  • Introductory materials from the editors situate the documentswithin their historical context
  • A bibliography provides essential suggestions for furtherreading and research

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781444331394
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 02/21/2012
Series: Uncovering the Past: Documentary Readers in American History Series , #12
Pages: 344
Sales rank: 712,956
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

William A. Link is Richard J. Milbauer Professor of History at the University of Florida. His publications include Roots of Secession: Slavery and Politics in Antebellum Virginia (2003) and Righteous Warrior: Jesse Helms and the Rise of Modern American Conservatism (2008).

Susannah J. Link is instructor in American history at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro.

Table of Contents

Series Editors’ Preface ix

Acknowledgments to Sources xii

Introduction 1

Prelude: Mark Twain and the Gilded Age 11

Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, from The Gilded Age, 1873

Part I New Frontiers 17

1 The New South 19

1 Henry W. Grady, “The New South,” 1886 19

2 Henry McNeal Turner on African American Civil Rights, 188922

3 William D. Kelley, from The Old South and New , 188826

4 Lewis Hine, Photographs of Southern Textile Workers,1908–9 31

2 The New West 34

1 T.S. Kenderdine, from California Revisited,1858–897 , 1898 34

2 Theodore Roosevelt, from Ranch Life and theHunting-Trail , 1888 39

3 Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton, from The Squatter and theDon , (1885) 42

4 Workingmen’s Party, An Address from the Workingmen ofSan Francisco to Their Brothers throughout the Pacific Coast, 187848

3 Native Americans 51

1 Zitkala-Sa, Native Americans and White Attempts to Assimilate,from “The School Days of an Indian Girl,” 1900 51

2 Chief Joseph, Selected Statements and Speeches by the NezPerce Chief, 1877–9 54

3 Lakota Accounts of the Massacre at Wounded Knee , 189657

4 Photographs and Images from Buffalo Bill’s Wild WestShow, 1896–9 62

Part II Industrial Society 65

4 Big Business 67

1 Andrew Carnegie, “The Gospel of Wealth,” 188967

2 Herbert Spencer, “The Coming Slavery,” 1884 70

3 Henry Demarest Lloyd, “The Lords of Industry,”1884 72

4 US Supreme Court, Slaughterhouse Cases , 1873 77

5 Frederick Winslow Taylor, from The Principles of ScientificManagement , 1911 83

6 Russell Conwell, from Acres of Diamonds , 1915 89

5 Gilded Age Society 98

1 Thorstein Veblen, from The Theory of the Leisure Class, 1899 98

2 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, from “The YellowWall-Paper,” 1892 104

3 Henry George, from Progress and Poverty , 1879 109

4 Photographs of Gilded Age Mansions 112

5 Hubert Howe Bancroft, The Woman’s Building, from TheBook of the Fair , 1893 114

6 Working People 120

1 Stephen Crane, “In the Depths of a Coal Mine,”1894 120

2 Walter A. Wyckoff, from The Workers: An Experiment inSocial Reality , 1899 125

3 Image from The National Police Gazette , 1879 129

4 Edward Eggleston, Hardshell Preacher, from The HoosierSchoolmaster , 1871 130

5 Leon Ray Livingston, Tramping in America, 1910 135

6 Upton Sinclair, from The Jungle , 1906 141

7 Immigrants in the Industrial Age 147

1 Abraham Cahan, “The Russian Jew in America,” 1898147

2 Treaty Regulating Immigration from China, 1880 153

3 Samuel Bryan, “Mexican Americans and SouthwesternGrowth,” 1912 157

4 Jacob Riis, Photographs from How the Other Half Lives,1890 163

5 Theodore Roosevelt, Hyphenated Americanism, 1915 165

6 The Emergence of Reform Judaism, 1883 and 1885 169

Part III Social Conflict 175

8 Populism 177

1 Annie L. Diggs, “The Women in the AllianceMovement,” 1892 177

2 The Omaha Platform: Launching the Populist Party, 1892 183

3 Thomas E. Watson, “The Negro Question in theSouth,” 1892 188

4 William Jennings Bryan, “Cross of Gold” Speech,1896 194

9 The Coming of Jim Crow 201

1 Ida B. Wells, “Lynch Law in America,” 1900 201

2 U.S. Supreme Court, Plessy v. Ferguson , 1896 204

3 Booker T. Washington, The Atlanta Compromise, 1895 209

4 W.E.B. Du Bois, “Of Booker T. Washington andOthers,” from The Souls of Black Folk , 1903 212

5 Images from the North Carolina White Supremacy Campaign, 1898216

6 Mary Church Terrell, “What It Means to be Colored in theCapital of the United States,” 1906 218

10 Labor Protest 223

1 Roger O’Mara, Testimony on Railroad Labor Strikes, 1878223

2 United States Strike Commission, Report on the Chicago PullmanStrike, 1894 227

3 Constance D. Leupp, “The Shirtwaist Makers’Strike,” 1909 231

4 Photographs of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, 1911236

Part IV Reform 241

11 Rebuilding American Institutions 243

1 John Dewey, from The School and Society , 1899 243

2 Walter Rauschenbusch, from Christianity and the SocialCrisis , 1907 247

3 Charles Davenport, from Heredity in Relation toEugenics , 1915 250

4 Margaret Sanger, “ Morality and Birth Control,” 1918 253

5 Frances E. Willard, from Women and Temperance , 1883256

6 Chicago Vice Commission, The Social Evil in Chicago, 1911260

12 The Political System 266

1 Robert M. La Follette, “Peril in the Machine,”1897 266

2 Isaac F. Marcosson, The Dayton Plan, 1914 274

3 Helen Valeska Bary, The Suffrage Movement in SouthernCalifornia, 1910–1 278

4 Seventeenth Amendment to the US Constitution (direct electionof senators), 1913 283

5 Marie Jenney Howe on Women’s Public Role, 1910 284

Part V Imperialism and War 291

13 Imperialism and Anti-imperialism 293

1 Mayo W. Hazeltine, “What Shall Be Done about thePhilippines?” 1897 293

2 Platt Amendment, 1901 299

3 Jane Addams, “Democracy or Militarism,” 1899301

4 Photograph from the Tour of the Great White Fleet,1907–9 304

14 The Debate about World War I 306

1 W.E.B. Du Bois on the Postwar Peace, 1918 306

2 Eugene V. Debs, The Canton, Ohio, Anti-War Speech, 1918307

3 Espionage Act, 1917 311

4 Woodrow Wilson, The Fourteen Points Address, 1918 315

Further Reading 321

Index 325

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

“This treasure trove of documents is a terrific classroomresource.  The Links chose carefully to achieve geographic,chronological, and thematic balance.  The book's organizationrepresents all aspects of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era andties them together interpretatively. Professors will findthemselves assigning documents from the reader week afterweek.  This is one of the most useful teaching books I'veseen.” – Glenda Gilmore, Yale University

“Three cheers for William and Susannah Link, whosedocumentary reader offers interpretive structure and focusalongside its thoughtfully-chosen collection of primarysources.  This reader is authoritative while still compact,giving enough points of view to spark controversy without closingdown conversation.  It is the perfect companion to the U.S.survey or more specialized courses in modern Americanhistory.” – Jane Dailey, University ofChicago

“Wisely selected first-person accounts coupled with theauthor's trenchant introductions bring to life civics and societyat the dawn of modern America.  It is a valuable resource thatwill engage students.” – Andrew Haley, University ofSouthern Mississippi

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