The Grammar Answer Key: Short Explanations to 100 ESL Questions

The Grammar Answer Key: Short Explanations to 100 ESL Questions

by Keith S. Folse

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Overview


The Grammar Answer Key is a collection of 100 questions submitted by ESL teachers--both novice and experienced and both native and non-native speakers--from many different countries around the world. The questions are real questions that ESL/EFL students have asked teachers about English and are similar to the Hot Seat Questions presented in Keys to Teaching Grammar to English Language Learners, 2nd ed. (Folse, 2016). 

The 100 questions are organized into 12 chapters on topics that teachers and students can relate to well: adjectives, articles, clauses, connectors, gerunds and infinitives, prepositions, pronouns, pronunciation, subject-verb agreement, suffixes, verbs, and vocabulary-grammar connections. The number of questions in each chapter ranges from 3 to 13 and is based on the questions submitted. Each chapter begins with a short overview of the topic that features key terminology and a chart explaining three common ESL errors. 

Each question is presented in a box and is followed by an "answer" that can inform instruction, often in chart format. Examples of questions are:
  • How do you know if a word is an adjective?              
  • Can I say the Monday or the January?
  • Do you say  on July or in July?
  • I received an email from someone that said “Greetings from my wife and I.” Is this right? Why?
  • How do I know which way to pronounce the -ed at the end of a word?
  • Which verb tenses are the most common in English? Which ones should I study?
  • Why do you say turn on the light instead of turn the light?
  • In my language, we have one word for make and do. In English, when should I use make and when should I use do? 

The book is the ideal teacher resource and professional development tool. 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780472037186
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Publication date: 03/13/2018
Pages: 192
Sales rank: 316,800
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction vii

The Questions Our English Language Learners Have about English xii

What Do We Mean by "Correct" English Grammar? xiv

Quiz; How Much ESL Grammar Do You Already Know? xvi

1 Adjectives 1

1 Recognizing an Adjective 2

2 Order of Adjectives 3

3 Comparative and Superlative of Adjectives 5

4 Boring vs. bored (-ing vs. -ed adjectives) 6

5 Compound Adjectives 7

2 Articles 8

6 A vs. an 9

7 Indefinite Articles (a, an) and Definite Article (the) 10

8 Using No Article for a Whole Category in General 12

9 The with Days and Month 13

10 The with Country Names 13

11 The with Geographic Areas 14

12 The with Bodies of Water 15

13 The with Schools 16

14 The with Buildings, Monuments, and Parks 17

15 The with People's Titles 17

3 Clauses 18

16 Adjective Clauses 19

17 Using that in Adjective Clauses 21

18 Adjective Clauses Modifying a Sentence 23

19 Extra Object Pronoun in Adjective Clauses 25

20 Embedded Questions/Noun Clauses 26

21 Reported Speech 27

22 Hypothetical if Clauses 28

23 Will in if Clauses 30

24 Beginning a Sentence with and 32

25 Punctuation of but, although, however 33

26 Though 34

5 Gerunds & Infinitives 36

27 Gerunds 37

28 Verb + Gerund 38

29 Verb + Infinitive 38

30 Infinitives and Gerunds after Certain Verbs 40

31 Ask, tell, want and Similar Verbs 42

32 Let, make, have, and help 45

6 Prepositions 47

33 At/on/in for Location 48

34 At + Time 49

35 On 4- Days 49

36 In + Months 50

37 Prepositions after Certain Adjectives 51

38 In/on for Transportation 52

39 At/in with Schools and Hospitals 53

40 Prepositions after Verbs of Motion 54

41 In vs. into 55

42 In a group vs. on a team 56

7 PRonouns 57

43 Meanings of it 58

44 Differentiating Formal and Informal you 59

45 Who vs. whom 60

46 I vs. me 61

8 PRonunciation 64

47 3 Ways of Pronouncing -s 65

48 Pronouncing -ed as /d/ 67

49 Pronouncing -ed as /t/ 67

50 Pronouncing -ed as /id/ 67

51 Reductions such as wanna 73

52 Syllable Stress and Part of Speech 75

9 SUbject-Verb Agreement 77

53 Subject-Verb Agreement: news is/news are 78

54 Intervening Prepositional Phrases 79

55 There is a lot vs. There are a lot 80

56 None is vs. None are 81

57 Either … or and Other Correlative Conjunctions 82

58 Collective Nouns 83

10 Suffixes 84

59 Plural Nouns 85

60 Meanings of -ing at the End of a Word 87

61 Meanings of -s at the End of a Word 88

62 Meanings of -ed at the End of a Word 89

63 Meanings of -ly at the End of a Word 90

64 Doubling Final Consonants before Adding -ed or -ing 92

65 -er vs. -or: writer vs. author 93

11 Verbs 95

66 The Number of English Verb Tenses 96

67 The Most Frequent Verb Tenses in English 98

68 The Importance of the Verb Be 99

69 Negating Verbs 100

70 Question Formation with do 103

71 Recognizing an Irregular Verb in the Past Tense 105

72 Present Perfect Tense 107

73 Progressive Tenses with Non-Action Verbs 109

74 Used to before Verbs 110

75 Be going to vs. will 111

76 Modal Verbs 113

77 Could in Affirmative Statements 114

78 Contractions with Short Affirmative Answers 115

79 Passive Voice 116

80 Phrasal Verbs 117

81 Verb Tense with Certain Idioms 121

82 Limitations of Present Progressive Tense 122

12 Vocabulary Meets Grammar 124

83 Be vs. have 126

84 A few vs. a little 128

85 Many, much, a lot of 129

86 Make vs. do 130

87 Say vs. tell 131

88 Other, another, the other 134

89 Too vs. very 135

90 For vs. since 137

91 Maybe vs. may be 139

92 Because vs. because of 140

93 Meanings of so 141

94 Meanings of like 143

95 Never vs. ever 145

96 Used to work vs. be used to working 146

97 Shall vs. will 147

98 Become vs. get 148

99 Hundred vs. hundreds (of) 149

100 North American and British English 150

Appendix: Parts of Speech: Quick Reference Chart 152

Answers to Quiz: How Much ESL Grammar Do You Already Know 154

Glossary of Grammar Terms 158

References 166

Index 167

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