ISBN-10:
0813385970
ISBN-13:
9780813385976
Pub. Date:
09/13/1993
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
The Industrial Revolution In World History / Edition 1

The Industrial Revolution In World History / Edition 1

by Peter N Stearns

Paperback

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813385976
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 09/13/1993
Series: Essays in World History Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)
Lexile: 1340L (what's this?)

About the Author

Peter N. Stearns is provost and professor of history at George Mason University. He is the editor of the Journal of Social History and the author of many books, including World Civilizations: The Global Experience and World History in Brief: Major Patterns of Change and Continuity .

Table of Contents


List of Illustrations     ix
Introduction: Defining the Industrial Revolution     1
Technology and Work Organization     6
Issues in Interpretation     8
The Range of the Industrial Revolution     12
The First Phase, 1760-1880: Western Primacy, Global Contexts, and Global Results
Britain's Revolution: New Processes and Economic Transformation     21
Britain Becomes the Workshop of the World     26
Industrialization Exacts a Price     32
Change Generates Change     37
New Causes: Why Did the Industrial Revolution Happen, and Why Did It Happen in Eighteenth-Century Britain?     41
Three Approaches: Minimal, Western, and Global     45
Trigger: Why the Eighteenth Century?     47
Britain as a Special Case     48
The Industrial Revolution in Western Society     53
France: An Eclectic Course     57
Germany: Trend to Big Business     60
The United States: Dynamism of a New Nation     62
The Industrial West by the 1880s     66
The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution     69
Life on the Job     70
Forging the Industrial Family     74
Social Divisions and Protest     81
A New Politicaland Cultural Context     87
The Industrial Revolution Outside the West     91
Pilot Projects: Russia     91
Pilot Projects: Asia, Latin America, and Africa     95
Restructuring the International Economy     101
The Second Phase, 1880-1950: The New International Cast
The Industrial Revolution Changes Stripes     111
Second-Phase Trends     111
Why Japan and Russia?     116
The Industrial Revolution in Russia     123
Early Industrialization: Before the Revolution     124
Social Impacts: Industrialization and Revolution     131
The Industrial Revolution Under Communism     136
The Industrial Revolution in Japan     143
The Context for Industrialization     147
The Early Stages     149
Social Impacts     155
The Industrial Economy Matures: 1920s-1950s     159
New Developments in Western Societies: Redefinitions of the Industrial Economy     165
Machines and the Drive for Organizational Change     166
The Service Sector     172
Leisure and the Consumer Economy     175
Class Warfare     177
Redefining the Scope of Industrialization     179
The West as New Model      181
The Industrial Revolution in International Context     183
The Expansion of Commercial Exploitation     185
Environmental Change     192
Factory Expansion     192
Industrial Sectors: Change amid Tradition     198
Economies of the British Dominions     200
At the Brink of Global Change     203
The Third Phase, 1950s-2000s: The Industrialization of the World
The Industrial Revolution in the Past Half Century     207
New Members of the Industrial Club     209
Industrial Evolutions     210
The Postindustrial Concept     212
Globalization     214
Deepening Diversity     215
Industrial Revolutions and Industrial Sectors     217
Israel: Development in the Desert     218
The Pacific Rim     219
Industrial Growth in the Pacific Rim     222
Expanding the Rim?     226
Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey: New Candidates?     228
China and India     234
Two Patterns of Innovation     238
The New Spectrum in the Less Industrial World: Evolution and Exploitation     239
The Long Reach of the Industrial Powers     240
Resource Producers: Some New Bargaining Power     242
Patterns of Dependency     245
The Process of Evolution: Semi-Industrial Economies     247
The Ambiguity of Change     248
A Postindustrial Revolution?     251
Growth Rates     251
Structural Changes: The Postindustrial Thesis     257
The New Industrial Balance     262
Global Industry and the Environment     269
Globalization and the Complexities of Industrial Trends     279
The Multinationals     280
Labor Migration     284
Regionalism and International Forces     288
International Trends     289
Balance Sheets     290
Conclusion     291
Precedent as a Guide to Prediction     291
The Balance Sheet     295
Suggestions for Further Reading     299
Index     313

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