The Ivory Tower: Within and Outside is a collection of poems that stand firmly in realism while looking ambitiously toward surrealism. It is a volume coming from a perspective that speaks of that which is beyond the material. It tells of the hidden qualities of things with a voice that is simple while speaking of subjects that are involved and delving. The reasons behind choice, the voice of the sun, the changes of grass, and the bounce of a basketball all have their unexamined qualities revealed in this work. Written here are words that speak to everyone and anyone for a place seldom ventured. These poems span from the ethereal to the mundane, while taking the reader from the confines of the tower, through the door, and outside, where all that was learned can now be used in encounters made in the exterior world.