Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951 / Edition 1

The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951 / Edition 1

by Moshe Gat
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In this study, Moshe Gat details how the immigration of the Jews from Iraq in effect marked the eradication of one of the oldest and most deeply-rooted Diaspora communities. He provides a background to these events and argues that both Iraqi discrimination and the actions of the Zionist underground in previous years played a part in the flight. The Denaturalization law of 1950 saw tens of thousands of Jews registering for emigration, and a bomb thrown at a synagogue in 1951 accelerated the exodus.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780714646893
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 05/01/1997
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

1.The Socio-economic Conditions of the Jewish Community5
Modernization processes5
Jewish integration into Iraqi society12
2.The Jewish Community in the Independent Iraqi State17
The June 1941 riots (farhud)17
Establishing the underground25
On the eve of the Arab invasion of Israel28
3.Iraq Changes its Official Policy towards the Jewish Community32
The policy of controlled suppression32
The twilight of the Iraqi Jewish community42
4.The Crisis of October--November 1949: A Turning Point for the Jewish Community51
Iraq, Israel and the Zionist underground51
The underground movement exploits the crisis58
5.The Legislation on Jewish Emigration68
The escape movement and its impact68
The Jews and the economy74
Zionism and Communism76
6.Organizing the Exodus79
The Iranian route79
Ben-Porat's initiative and its outcome90
Near East moves in96
Israel's immigration policy101
7.Iraq, Israel and the Jewish Emigration Question106
Between the hammer and the anvil106
Nuri as-Said--a solution at all costs118
Ending the Iraqi diaspora134
8.The Property Freezing Law--March 1951144
The law144
Israeli policy151
9.Was Terror Employed to Accelerate the Exodus?160
The problem of the 'Prisoners of Zion'160
The underground is tracked down164
The connection between the bombings and the exodus of the Jews175
Abbreviations and Bibliography196

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