This book describes how, after the Second World War, the Labour Party assumed leadership of the International Socialist Movement, thanks to the achievements of the Attlee Government. International Secretary Denis Healey guided the reconstruction of the Socialist International through the early Cold War, making the British vision for socialist internationalism prevail over the French and Belgian. At first, the provisional Socialist International (International Socialist Conference and Comisco) supported cohabitation with pro-communist socialists and the USSR, but with the Sovietisation of Eastern Europe it committed to militant anti-communism. Ambiguity between the Labour Party and Labour Government influenced British policy in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy and Poland, while the characterization and stereotypes of Eastern and Southern Europe shaped the language and actions of the British. Furthermore, the book shows how international contacts and the British and Swedish model encouraged the transition of socialist parties to responsible government parties fully embracing Western democracy and prepared the ideological revision of the 1950s.
|Publisher:||Springer International Publishing|
|Series:||Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements|
|Edition description:||1st ed. 2018|
|Product dimensions:||5.83(w) x 8.27(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Ettore Costa received his PhD at the University of Rome, La Sapienza, Italy. For this research he received the Doctoral Dissertation Award and Medal of the Speaker of the Senate from Fondazione Spadolini Nuova Antologia, and the Minerva Award from Fondazione La Sapienza.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction.- Chapter 2: From the old International to the new internationalism (1940-45).- Chapter 3: Parties and people, the Labour Party and the international socialist network.- Chapter 4: The Labour Party and Eastern Europe, social democracy behind the Iron Curtain.- Chapter 5: The Institutional Development, from the International Socialist Conference to Comisco (1946-1948).- Chapter 6: The Labour Party and Italy, social democracy below the Olive Line.- Chapter 7: ‘The little Foreign Office of Transport House’, British foreign policy and socialist internationalism.- Chapter 8: The Rebirth of the Socialist International (1948-1951).- Chapter 9: Conclusion.