How do we realize economic justice in our global society? What is economic justice? Are materialism, consumerism, and capitalism a threat or a promise to a peaceful earth? There is one voice that continues to offer a prophetic challenge both to Marxist collectivism and capitalism. Pope John Paul II has authored On Social Concern that has much to say to our times. Is the religious social teaching in this document in such contrast to the prevailing wisdom of political economy that it might properly be called countercultural? Does this teaching offer a new vision, a different way of interpreting economic events? The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Religious Values in Business convened a symposium to address these issues, assembling business executives, labor leaders and scholars.