Two Gulf wars and the continuing Arab-Israeli conflict have highlighted the salience of military factors in the Middle East. This book argues, however, that many of the most serious 'security' challenges to Arab states and societies are rooted not in external military threats but in the imperatives of socio-economic development. Contributors examine the regional security environment; the social and political impact of regional militarization; and underdevelopment as a source of regional insecurity.
Table of ContentsList of Tables, Figures and Maps - List of Abbreviations - Notes on the Contributors - INTRODUCTION - The Analysis of National Security in the Arab Context: Restating the State of the Art; B.Korany, R.Brynen & P.Noble - PART 1: SECURITY CONCERNS OLD AND NEW: INTRODUCTION - Unravelling the Concept: 'National Security' in the Third World; M.Ayoob - The Security Dilemma in the Middle East: A Prognosis for the Decade Ahead; J.G.Stein - Dilemmas of Security and Development in the Arab World: Aspects of the Linkage; A.E.Hillal Dessouki - PART 2: UNDERDEVELOPMENT AS INSECURITY: - Neglected Aspects of the Security Dilemma; F.H.Lawson - Does Food Security Make a Difference? Algeria, Egypt and Turkey in Comparative Perspective; K.Pfeifer - From the Mirage of Rent to the Burden of Debt: Adjustment and Insecurity in Arab Economies; M.Chatelus - National Integration and National Security: The Case of Yemen; M.Wenner - Resources, Wealth and Security: The Case of Kuwait; M.Nakhjavani - PART 3: SECURITY AS DEVELOPMENT? STATE-BUILDING, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND THE MILITARY - Arab Military Industrialization: Security Incentives and Economic Impact; Y.Sayigh - State-Building and the Military in Arab Africa; I.W.Zartman - State and Society in the Arab World: Towards a New Role for the Security Services?; E.Picard - CONCLUSION - The Changing Regional Security Environment; P.Noble, R.Brynen & B.Korany - Appendix: Basic Data - Index