The Minorities of Cyprus: Development Patterns and the Identity of the Internal-Exclusion

The Minorities of Cyprus: Development Patterns and the Identity of the Internal-Exclusion



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The Minorities of Cyprus: Development Patterns and the Identity of the Internal-Exclusion by Nicholas Coureas

This book examines the various minorities living in the island of Cyprus from the early modern (late Venetian and early Ottoman) period down to the present day. It charts their history, with special emphasis on their relations with the powers ruling Cyprus and with the two dominant Christian-Greek and Muslim-Turkish communities. The theme running through the book is that despite being significant members of Cyprus' society, the three historical minorities (Maronites, Armenians and Latins) were only included in society to a certain extent by the two major communities. This was formalised in the post-independence (1960) period when they were compelled to become members of either dominant community and thus they suffered 'internal exclusion' by being regarded as religious sub-groups of one of the two dominant communities rather than national minorities in their own right. Within this general context, the social, legal and political roles, customs, culture and language of the various minorities are examined as they evolved through time and in response to internal and external developments affecting Cyprus in the political, economic and global spheres. They are discussed not as static entities, but as evolving groups that have adapted with greater or lesser degrees of success to the radical and at times painful changes Cyprus has undergone, especially over the last 150 years, in all walks of life. Finally, the question of what the future holds for the minorities of the island in the light of Cyprus' EU membership and the prospect of reunification are also analysed. This book is a product of the conference Minorities of Cyprus: Past, Present and Future, which was held on 24 and 25 November 2007 at the European University Cyprus.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781443800525
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Publication date: 04/01/2009
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Andrekos Varnava was born and raised in Melbourne, obtained a BA (Honours) from Monash University (2001) and his PhD in History from the University of Melbourne (2006). He is the author of British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878-1915: The Inconsequential Possession (Manchester University Press, March 2009). He also co-edited Reunifying Cyprus: The Annan Plan and Beyond (I. B. Tauris, February 2009). In January 2009 he was appointed Lecturer in Modern History at Flinders University, South Australia. Nicholas Coureas was born in Nicosia Cyprus and studied Ancient and Medieval History at the University of London (King's College, UCL and Royal Holloway). Since 1990 he has worked as a researcher at the Cyprus Research Centre, specializing in the history of Lusignan Cyprus. He has published various articles on Lusignan Cyprus, especially its economic and religious history, as well as some books, including Cyprus and the Crusades, co-edited with Professor Jonathan Riley Smith, Nicosia 1995, The Latin Church in Cyprus, Ashgate 1997 and a translation into English of George Boustronios, A Narrative of the Chronicle of Cyprus 1456-1489, Nicosia 2005. Marina Elia was born in Kormakiti in the North of Cyprus. Her family immigrated to England when she was two years old. She completed her studies at Reading University and holds an MA in TEFL as well as several teaching diplomas. She has taught English at various institutions in Cyprus. She is currently at the European University of Cyprus and holds the position of EFL Coordinator. Her interests lay in Course Design, evaluation and multiculturalism. She was a dedicated committee member of the Cyprus branch of IATEFL (International Association of Teachers of English) for fifteen years and then continued as an active committee member of CyTEA (Cyprus Teachers of English Association).

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Introduction Ethnic Minority Creation in Modern Europe: Cyprus in Context Professor Panikos Panayi 1

Part I The Minorities in the Pre-Modern Times

Chapter 1 Economics of Uncertainty?: The French Community in Cyprus at the Turn of the Eighteenth Century Professor Colin Heywood 26

Chapter 2 The Armenians of Cyprus during Ottoman Rule Professor Gerard Dedeyan Dr Nicholas Coureas 52

Chapter 3 Stunted Growth: The Latin Clergy of Cyprus during the Ottoman Period Dr. Nicholas Coureas 92

Chapter 4 The Maronites of Cyprus under Ottoman Rule: Demise or Eclipse Guita Hourani 111

Chapter 5 The Maronites of Cyprus: A Minority's Cultural Role during the Ottoman Era Fr Nasser Gemayel Dr Nicholas Coureas 136

Part II Minorities in the Modern Period

Chapter 6 New Life in an Old Community: Armenians in 20th Century Cyprus Dr Susan Pattie 160

Chapter 7 The Armenian Community in Cyprus at the Beginning of the 21st Century: from Insecurity to Integration Dr Sossie Kasbarian 175

Chapter 8 Continuity of National Identity and Changing Politics: The case of the Maronite-Cypriots Chrystalla Tsoutsouki 192

Chapter 9 The Legal Status of the Latin Community Dr Achilles Emillianides 229

Chapter 10 The Cypriot Roma/Gypsies and the Failure of Education Dr Nicos Trimikliniotis Corina Demetriou 241

Chapter 11 An Unpretentious but Vigorous Character or a Distinct Spirit of Complacency?: The Anglican Community in Cyprus, 1878-1960 Tabitha Morgan 265

Part III Minorities and Majorities: Perceptions and Relations

Chapter 12 The Cypriot Armenian Minority and their Cultural Relationship with the Turkish Cypriots Dr Ahmet An 282

Chapter 13 The Minorities of Cyprus in the History of Cyprus Textbook for Lyceum Students: A Critique Dr Andrekos Varnava 299

Part IV Preserving Language and Rights

Chapter 14 Minorities and Minority Languages in Cyprus Dr Marilena Karyolemou 316

Chapter 15 Profiling the Armenian and Kormakiti Maronite Arabic Linguistic Minorities Chryso Hadjidemetriou 337

Epilogue Costas M. Constaninou 361

Appendices 373

Speech by the Right Honourable Dr Christos Patsalides, Minister of Interior, 24th November, 2007

Speech by the Right Honourable Mr Antonis Hadjiroussos, Representative of the Maronite Religious Group in the House of Representatives of the Republic of Cyprus, 25th November, 2007

Speech by the Right Honourable Mr Vartkes Mahdessian, Representative of the Armenian Religious Group in the House of Representatives of the Republic of Cyprus, 25th November 2007.

Speech by the Right Honourable Mr Benito Mantovani, Representative of the Latin Religious Group in the House of Representatives of the Republic of Cyprus, 25th November 2007.

Editors and Contributors 389

Bibliography 396

Index 411

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