The Models of Skill Acquisition and Expertise Development: A Quick Reference of Summaries

The Models of Skill Acquisition and Expertise Development: A Quick Reference of Summaries

by Raman K. Attri

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Overview

The book offers condensed summaries of twenty-three major models of skill acquisition and expertise development presented by leading researchers during the last half a century of classic and new research. This book presents new researchers in learning, training, cognitive sciences or education disciplines with a big picture starting point for their literature review journey. The book presents an easy t understand taxonomy of twenty-three models which can give new researchers a good bird’s eye view of existing models and theories, based on which they can decide which direction to dig further. The reviews in this book are complemented with over 200 authentic sources which a researcher read for detailed and deeper dive and set the direction for further exploration. This book would also act as an essential reference for training & learning professionals and instructional designers to design research-based training curriculum to develop skills of their staff.

Chapter 1 of the book elaborates on how the processes of learning, skill acquisition, and expertise development are interwoven. Chapter 2 presents a classification of various models reviewed in literature in five categories. Chapter 3 describes twelve models of skill and expertise acquisition which are represented in the form of stages. used frequently in learning, training and performance literature. The chapter also discusses the implications of each model toward developing skills and expertise of a less proficient individual to a higher level of proficiency briefly. Chapter 4 reviews practice-, time- or task-based models which are theories or models suggesting that acquisition of knowledge & skills, development of expertise and performance improvement is a function of nature of practice, amount of time spent on the task and task type. Chapter 5 presents the factor-based models, which are based on theories or models suggesting the interplay of several factors that influence the acquisition of knowledge & skills, development of expertise and performance improvement. Chapter 6 embarks on describing expert modeling-based models which are theories or models suggesting modeling an expert through elicitation or guidance for acquisition of knowledge & skills, development of expertise and performance improvement. Chapter 7 covers some newer movement toward cognition-based models which are theories or models focusing on mechanisms of cognition learning for the acquisition of knowledge & skills, development of expertise and performance improvement. Chapter 8 concludes the book by integrating views from various thought leaders to explain a famous staged skill acquisition model.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789811411304
Publisher: Speed to Proficiency Research: S2pro(c)
Publication date: 04/04/2019
Pages: 160
Sales rank: 637,095
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Dr. Raman K Attri is a corporate business researcher, learning strategist, and management consultant with a strong zeal to enable people to unravel human learning and performance. He holds a doctorate in business from Southern Cross University, Australia. He has authored over 12 books on management, leadership and performance. He specializes in providing the competitive and strategic value to the organizations by accelerating time-to-proficiency of employees through well-researched models. He is involved in research on the topic of speed to proficiency, accelerated performance and accelerated learning. A strong proponent of learning as the core of human success, he provides advisory on accelerated learning techniques which earned him over 60 educational credentials including doctorate degrees, three masters' degrees and tens of international certifications. Despite physical disability since childhood, he leveraged it to learn, research and test a range of "how to methods" to accelerate the rate of personal learning and professional performance at the workplace. He has published his methods in scholarly journals, blogs, books, and conferences. His international professional career spanned over 25 years across a range of disciplines such as scientific research, systems engineering, management consulting, training operations, professional teaching, and learning design. He also runs a non-profit consulting forum focused on researching strategies to accelerate speed to proficiency.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 LEARNING, SKILL ACQUISITION AND EXPERTISE DEVELOPMENT

1.1 Learning and Performance

1.2 Expertise

1.3 Expertise Development

Chapter 2: CLASSIFYING THE MODELS OF SKILL, PROFICIENCY AND EXPERTISE DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 3: STAGE-BASED MODELS

3.1 Conscious Competence Theory

3.2 Fitts & Posner (1967) Model of skill acquisItion

3.3 Anderson (1982) ACT-R Theory of Cognition

3.4 Ackerman (1988) Theory of Ability Determinants of Skill Acquisition

3.5 VanLehn (1996) Cognitive Skill Acquisition Theory

3.6 Kim et al. (2013) Theory of skill retention

3.7 Vygotsky (1978) Zone of Proximal Development

3.8 Dreyfus & Dreyfus (1986) Stages of Skill Acquisition

3.9 Alexander (1997) Model of Domain Learning

3.10 Hoffman (1998) Proficiency Scale

3.11 Jacobs (1997) Levels of Human Competence

3.12 Rosenberg (2012) Novice to Expert Transition

Chapter 4: PRACTICE, TIME OR TASK-BASED MODELS

4.1 Blooms (1968) Mastery Learning Model

4.2 Ericsson et al. (1993) Deliberate Practice Model of Expert Performance

4.3 van Merriënboer et al. (1992) 4-Component Model of complex skill acquisition

4.4 Klein (1993) Recognition-Primed Decision Making (RPD) Model for Rapid Decision Making Expertise

Chapter 5: FACTOR-BASED MODELS

5.1 Sternberg (1999) Model of Intelligence as expertise development

5.2 Langan-Fox et al. (2002) Skilled Performance Theory

Chapter 6: EXPERT MODELING-BASED MODELS

6.1 Collins (1989) Cognitive Apprenticeship Model

6.2 Lajoie (2003) Trajectory of Expertise

6.3 Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) Approach to Model Expertise

6.4 Vygotsky (1978) Zone of Proximal Development

Chapter 7: COGNITION-BASED MODELS

7.1 Spiro et al. (1990) Cognitive Flexibility Theory

7.2 Klein & Baxter (2oo9) Cognitive Transformation Theory

Chapter 8: PHASES OF SKILL ACQUISITION: INTEGRATING VARIOUS VIEWS

8.1 Novice

8.2 Advanced Beginner

8.3 Competent

8.4 Proficient

8.5 Expert

8.6 Mastery

8.7 Relevance of Stages in Professional Jobs

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