ISBN-10:
0199950857
ISBN-13:
2900199950859
Pub. Date:
09/06/2013
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature / Edition 5

Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature / Edition 5

by Louis P. Pojman
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900199950859
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Publication date: 09/06/2013
    Edition description: New Edition
    Pages: 944
    Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.40(d)

    About the Author

    The late Louis P. Pojman was Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point.

    Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including Living Philosophy, Second Edition (OUP, 2017), Bioethics, Third Edition (OUP, 2016), and Philosophy Here and Now, Second Edition (OUP, 2015).

    Table of Contents

    *=New to this Edition
    Each chapter ends with Further Readings.
    Preface
    Introduction: On the Nature of Morality
    PART I. THE NATURE OF MORALITY: GOOD AND EVIL
    1. What Is the Purpose of Morality?
    William Golding, Lord of the Flies: A Moral Allegory
    Louis P. Pojman, On the Nature and Purpose of Morality: Reflections on William Golding's Lord of the Flies
    Thomas Hobbes, On the State of Nature
    2. Good and Evil
    Herman Melville, Billy Budd
    Fyodor Dostoevsky, Why Is There Evil?
    William Styron, Sophie's Choice
    Philip Hallie, From Cruelty to Goodness
    * Philippa Foot, Natural Goodness
    Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil
    Richard Taylor, On the Origin of Good and Evil
    3. Is Everything Relative?
    Herodotus, Custom Is King
    Ruth Benedict, The Case for Moral Relativism
    * David Enoch, Why I Am an Objectivist about Ethics (And Why You Are, Too)
    James Rachels, Why Morality Is Not Relative
    Jean Bethke Elshtain, Judge Not?
    Mary Midgley, Trying Out One's New Sword
    Henrick Ibsen, The Enemy of the People
    PART II. MORAL THEORIES AND MORAL CHARACTER
    4. Utilitarianism
    Seaman Holmes and the Longboat of William Brown, Reported by John William Wallace
    Jeremy Bentham, Classical Utilitarianism
    John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism Refined
    Kai Nielsen, A Defense of Utilitarianism
    Bernard Williams, Against Utilitarianism
    Ursula Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
    5. Deontological Ethics
    Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law
    William K. Frankena, Kant's Theory
    W. D. Ross, Intuitionism
    Ambrose Bierce, A Horseman in the Sky
    Charles Fried, The Evil of Lying
    Plato, Does Morality Depend on Religion?
    James Rachels, The Divine Command Theory
    Thomas Nagel, Moral Luck
    Carl Dennis, New Year's Eve
    6. Virtue Ethics
    Aristotle, Virtue Ethics
    Alasdair MacIntyre, The Virtues
    * Susan Wolf, Moral Saints
    Bernard Mayo, Virtue and the Moral Life
    Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Great Stone Face
    William K. Frankena, A Critique of Virtue-Based Ethical Systems
    Jesus of Nazareth, The Sermon on the Mount; The Good Samaritan
    Leo Tolstoy, How Much Land Does a Man Need? Greed
    Immanuel Kant, Jealousy, Malice, and Ingratitude
    Epictetus and Others, The Stoic Catechism
    Vice Admiral James Stockdale, The World of Epictetus: Courage and Endurance
    7. Feminist Ethics and the Ethics of Care
    Alison M. Jaggar, Feminist Ethics
    Jan Crosthwaite, Gender and Bioethics
    Annette C. Baier, The Need for More than Justice
    Virginia Held, The Ethics of Care
    PART III. MORAL ISSUES
    8. Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral?
    Plato, The Ring of Gyges
    Ayn Rand, In Defense of Ethical Egoism
    Louis P. Pojman, Egoism and Altruism: A Critique of Ayn Rand
    James Rachels, A Critique of Ethical Egoism
    9. Does Life Have Meaning?
    Voltaire, The Good Brahmin
    Epicurus, Hedonism
    Albert Camus, Life Is Absurd
    Viktor Frankl, The Human Search for Meaning: Reflections on Auschwitz
    Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, The Four Noble Truths
    Bertrand Russell, Reflections on Suffering
    * Richard Taylor, The Meaning of Life
    PART IV. APPLIED ETHICS: MORAL PROBLEMS
    10. Sex, Love, and Marriage
    Immanuel Kant, On the Place of Sex in Human Existence
    John McMurtry, Monogamy: A Critique
    Michael D. Bayles, Marriage, Love, and Procreation: A Critique of McMurtry
    Bonnie Steinbock, What's Wrong with Adultery?
    Michael Levin, Why Homosexuality Is Abnormal
    John Corvino, A Defense of Homosexuality
    * Maggie Gallagher, What Marriage Is For: Children Need Mothers and Fathers
    * Jonathan Rauch, For Better or Worse?
    11. Is Abortion Morally Permissible?
    Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
    Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
    Mary Anne Warren, Abortion Is Morally Permissible
    Susan Sherwin, Abortion Through a Feminist Ethics Lens
    12. The Morality of Euthanasia
    Dan W. Brock, Voluntary Active Euthanasia
    James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia
    * Bonnie Steinbock, The Intentional Termination of Life
    * 13. War and Terrorism
    * Jan Narveson, Pacifism: A Philosophical Analysis
    * Haig Khatchadourian, The Morality of Terrorism
    * Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified?
    14. Our Duties to Animals
    George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant
    Peter Singer, Animal Liberation: All Animals Are Equal
    Carl Cohen, The Case Against Animal Rights
    * Tristam McPherson, How to Argue for (and Against) Ethical Veganism
    * Joel Salatin, Animal Welfare
    15. Our Duties to the Environment
    Robert Heilbroner, What Has Posterity Ever Done for Me?
    Garrett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons
    William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
    16. Global Economic Justice
    Garrett Hardin, Living on a Lifeboat
    William W. Murdoch and Allan Oaten, A Critique of Lifeboat Ethics
    Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality
    * Travis Timmerman, A Reply to Singer
    Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper
    Index

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