The National Habitus: Ways of Feeling French, 1789-1870

The National Habitus: Ways of Feeling French, 1789-1870

by Marie-Pierre Le Hir

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783110559231
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication date: 06/26/2017
Series: Culture & Conflict Series , #4
Pages: 349
Product dimensions: 5.91(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Marie-Pierre Le Hir, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Part I The Revolutionary Field

Chapter I Olympe de Gouges's Revolutionary Patriotism 35

1.1 Vive le roi! (1788-1791) 36

1.1.1 Bourgeois values vs. aristocratic ethos 37

1.1.2 Royal patriotism 41

1.1.3 Manifestations of the aristocratic code of conduct 44

1.1.4 Attitudes towards foreigners 47

1.1.5 The French Revolution as a breakdown of civility 51

1.1.6 Constructing the nation: the cult of great men 54

1.2 Vive la France! (1792-93) 56

1.2.1 From loving the king to loving the nation 56

1.2.2 "L'esprit français" 59

1.2.3 War: the catalyst of national sentiment 65

Conclusion 69

Chapter II Identity Lost and Found: Chateaubriand's Culturalist Nationalism 72

2.1 The Historical, Political, and Moral Essay on Revolutions 76

2.1.1 The aristocratic sense of self and national identity 76

2.1.2 Christianity: the foundation of French identity 82

2.1.3 Against the Enlightenment and the French Revolution 87

2.2 The Genius of Christianity, or The Beauties of the Christian Religion 99

2.2.1 Chateaubriand's case for Christianity's modernity 99

2.2.2 Chateaubriand's politics 107

2.2.3 Grounding identity in faith and soil 112

Conclusion 118

Chapter III Cosmopolitanism and Nationalism in Germaine de Staël's Works 122

3.1 Delphine, an ambiguous critique of the aristocratic ethos 126

3.1.1 The aristocratic ethos of the Parisian salon 129

3.1.2 Bourgeois life in the countryside 132

3.1.3 Exile and war 137

3.1.4 Delphine's reception 144

3.2 Divided allegiance: cosmopolitanism and nationalism in Corinne, or Italy 148

3.2.1 Cosmopolitanism and the national character 149

3.2.2 The national habitus in Corinne 155

3.2.3 Corinne's reception 161

Conclusion 163

Part II The Post-Revolutionary Field

Chapter IV Through Stendhal's Eyes: The National Habitus in the Making 173

4.1 The French character in Chronicles for England 176

4.1.1 Of Frenchmen, old and new 177

4.1.2 Assessing change in Restoration France 187

4.2 Identity nationalization as inescapable universal process 205

4.2.1 On becoming 'British' 207

4.2.2 Obstacles to real democracy 216

Conclusion 223

Chapter V Looking Back: National Past and Culture in Mérimée 226

5.1 Mérimée and the invention of the national patrimony 229

5.2 A history of violence and superstition 238

5.2.1 Violence and religion in A Chronicle of the Reign of Charles IX 238

5.2.2 Taming the superstitious mind: the fantastic tales 243

5.3 Colombo: savage past and modernity 245

5.4 State and religion in The Mormons 254

Conclusion 262

Chapter VI National Belonging in George Sand's Novels 266

6.1 George Sand and the Republic 267

6.1.1 Republican patriotism 268

6.1.2 George Sand's project of national unity 272

6.2 Patriotism and nationalism at times of war 279

6.2.1 National identity in Nanon 282

6.2.2 Nationalism in Francia 285

Conclusion 295

Conclusion 297

Works cited 313

Primary texts 313

Secondary sources 317

Index of names 328

Index of subjects 333

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