Economic growth and environmental security are elusive goals. Only recently have policymakers recognized that the failure of many international development efforts has deepened the poverty of millions of people, who, in turn, have placed an extra stress on conspicuous aspects of our global environment--cutting trees for meager profits or overfishing streams and lakes for food. Stone, of the World Wildlife Fund, reviews these trends, drawing on personal observations and evidence from dominant development and environmental organizations that have also contributed to the problems. Some hopeful signs are offered of grassroots initiatives in the Third World. This book is a useful introduction for general audiences, but the many vocal Third World critics with whom Stone does not agree are too easily dismissed or ignored. An optional purchase.-- Bill Rau, Takoma Park, Md.