During World War 2 the Neues Museum was almost completely destroyed. Now, on the Berlin Museum Island with its tremendous diversity of demands for the restoration it has become the classic example for the preservation of historic monuments. It is rebuilt due to the plans of the world renown architect David Chipperfield. The great reopening of this building (a main work of the Schinkel scholar Friedrich August Stueler) is scheduled for March 2009. The present book shows the history from its origins under Frederic Wilhelm IV of Prussia, the various phases of conversation and restoration of the war-ruin during the different systems after war to the considerations of preservation, modern building technique and current utilization.