The New York Public Library American History Desk Reference

The New York Public Library American History Desk Reference

by Macmillan Publishing, Marian Faux (Editor)

Hardcover

$39.95

Overview

With more than one million copies sold over several titles, The New York Public Library Desk Reference is simply one of the bestselling reference series available. Now, under the auspices of the world-famous New York Public Library, here is the comprehensive-yet-quick-answer guide to one of the most popular topics in family reference: American history. Short topical overviews, easy-reference timelines, and capsule biographies, as well as hundreds of sidebars, maps, and illustrations bring together all of the major events and themes from the early migrations of native peoples to the present age. Organized by social and cultural categories (exploration and colonization, immigration and minorities, military, business and commerce, etc.) and exhaustively cross-referenced and indexed, The New York Completely updated to incorporate the myriad changes that have recently occurred in the world, this user-friendly reference covers 26 categories of the most commonly asked-about subject areas everything from math and science to sports and games to religion and philosophy. It also features a brand-new atlas reflecting geographic changes.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780028613222
Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 09/01/1997
Pages: 497
Product dimensions: 7.69(w) x 10.02(h) x 1.55(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii
1. Indigenous Peoples
1(32)
Significant Events in Native American Life
2(11)
The Paleo-Indian Era
2(1)
The Pre-Columbian Era
2(1)
SIDEBAR: Native American Rights Today: Who Is an Indian?
3(1)
The Post-Columbian Era
3(1)
The 17th and 18th Centuries: Colonization
4(1)
MAP: Indian Peoples at the Time of Early European Settlement
4(1)
SIDEBAR: Horses
5(1)
SIDEBAR: Indian Words into American English
6(1)
The 19th Century: Indian Resistance and Displacement
6(2)
SIDEBAR: The Slaughter of the Buffalo
8(1)
The 20th Century: The Contemporary Era
9(2)
SIDEBAR: The Wounded Knee Massacre: Sitting Bull and the Ghost Dance
11(2)
Ancient Indian Cultures
13(2)
Paleo-Indian Culture
13(1)
Archaic Culture
14(1)
Classic Culture
14(1)
Indian Population Since White Contact
15(1)
SIDEBAR: Reservations: What They Are and How They Work
16(1)
Major Indian Epidemics
16(1)
Indian Culture Areas
17(3)
The Northeast Culture Area
17(1)
The Southeast Culture Group
18(1)
The Great Plains Culture Area
18(1)
The Southwest Culture Area
18(1)
The Great Basin Culture Area
19(1)
The California Culture Area
19(1)
The Plateau Culture Area
19(1)
The Northwest Coast Culture Area
19(1)
The Subarctic Culture Area
20(1)
The Arctic Culture Area
20(1)
Acts of Congress Affecting Native Americans
20(2)
SIDEBAR: The Bureau of Indian Affairs
21(1)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Native Americans
22(3)
SIDEBAR: Indian Religion
24(1)
Native Americans in American History
25(6)
SIDEBAR: Indian Contributions to American Culture
29(2)
Additional Sources of Information
31(2)
2. Exploration and Colonization
33(28)
Why Were the Europeans Able to Explore America?
34(1)
Significant Events in the Exploration of America
34(12)
MAP: European Exploration in North America
36(2)
SIDEBAR: African Roots
38(5)
MAP: American Colonies in the Early 18th Century
43(3)
Significant Events Leading to the Revolution
46(4)
SIDEBAR: A Heavy Price to Pay: The Boston Tea Party (1773)
48(1)
SIDEBAR: The Signers of the Declaration of Independence
49(1)
Significant Events in the Introduction of Slavery into the Colonies
50(2)
SIDEBAR: Triangular Trade
51(1)
SIDEBAR: The Middle Passage: Crossing the Atlantic to Slavery
52(1)
Significant People in Exploration, Colonization, and the Colonies
52(6)
Additional Sources of Information
58(3)
3. Territorial Expansion
61(28)
Significant Events in Westward and Territorial Expansion
62(13)
SIDEBAR: Western Lands
62(1)
SIDEBAR: The Rectangular Survey
63(3)
SIDEBAR: Manifest Destiny
66(2)
TABLE: Secretaries of the Interior
68(2)
SIDEBAR: The Exodusters: African Americans in Kansas
70(1)
SIDEBAR: Wagons West: Sailing Across the Prairie
71(1)
TABLE: Continental Expansion
72(1)
TABLE: Overseas Expansion
72(1)
Empire-Building, 1865-1940
73(2)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Westward Expansion
75(1)
Acts of Congress Affecting Westward Expansion
75(2)
TABLE: States Admitted to the Union
76(1)
Texas: The Struggle for Independence and Statehood
77(1)
The Long Ride: Along the Chisholm Trail
78(1)
Conservation
78(4)
Significant People in the Westward Expansion
82(5)
SIDEBAR: The Women of the West
84(2)
SIDEBAR: The Turner Thesis
86(1)
Additional Sources of Information
87(2)
4. Immigration and Minorities
89(40)
Significant Events in Immigration and Minority Life
90(27)
MAP: The Missouri Compromise, 1820-1821
95(1)
SIDEBAR: Nativism
96(2)
SIDEBAR: Underground Railroad
98(3)
SIDEBAR: Lynchings
101(1)
FIGURE: Immigration Before and After the Civil War
102(1)
TABLE: Immigrants to the United States, 1820-1975
103(1)
TABLE: Immigrants to the United States, 1976-1986
103(1)
SIDEBAR: Ellis Island
104(8)
SIDEBAR: "I Have a Dream"
112(5)
Acts of Congress Affecting Immigration and Minorities
117(2)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Immigration and Minorities
119(2)
Significant People in the History of Minorities
121(6)
Additional Sources of Information
127(2)
5. Military History
129(40)
Significant Events in American Military History
130(19)
The Revolutionary War
130(1)
TABLE: American Wars: When and Why
131(2)
The War of 1812
133(1)
The Mexican War
134(1)
The Civil War
135(3)
SIDEBAR: African Americans Serve Their Country
138(1)
The Spanish-American War
138(1)
World War I
139(1)
World War II
140(3)
SIDEBAR: Japanese Americans During World War II
143(1)
The Korean War
144(1)
The Vietnam War
145(3)
SIDEBAR: Women Warriors: Breaking Down the Barriers of Prejudice
148(1)
The Persian Gulf War
148(1)
TABLE: America's Costly Wars
148(1)
Major Indian-White Wars
149(2)
SIDEBAR: Native-American Service in U.S. Wars
150(1)
Other Military Actions
151(1)
Building the Armed Forces
152(5)
TABLE: Secretaries of War
153(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of the Navy
153(1)
SIDEBAR: The Home Front
154(2)
TABLE: Secretaries of Defense
156(1)
TABLE: Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
157(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of Veterans Affairs
157(1)
History of Protest: Pacifism and Antiwar Activism
157(3)
Significant Legislative Acts and Supreme Court Cases Affecting the Military
160(1)
Significant People in Military History
161(5)
Additional Sources of Information
166(3)
6. Government, Politics, and Law
169(40)
Significant Events in American Law and Politics
170(25)
The Colonial Era
170(1)
The Early Republic
170(1)
SIDEBAR: Executive Branch Departments
171(1)
TABLE: Attorneys General
172(1)
SIDEBAR: The Bill of Rights
173(1)
TABLE: Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States
174(1)
The Rise of Sectionalism and States' Rights
175(1)
SIDEBAR: The Electoral College
176(1)
SIDEBAR: Political Parties
176(2)
TABLE: Supreme Court Justices of the United States
178(1)
SIDEBAR: After the Presidency
179(2)
SIDEBAR: The Vice Presidency
181(1)
The Civil War and Reconstruction
182(1)
SIDEBAR: Constitutional Amendments
183(2)
Industrialism and Imperialism
185(1)
An Emerging World Power
186(1)
SIDEBAR: Third Parties
186(2)
SIDEBAR: Thanks, Winnie
188(4)
SIDEBAR: Ten Scandals in American Politics
192(3)
A Chronology of Protest
195(1)
The Road to Civil Rights
196(1)
The Road to the House (and Senate): Women and Politics
197(2)
The Welfare of Children
199(1)
Acts of Congress Affecting Individual and Collective Rights
200(1)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Law and Politics
200(2)
Significant People in American Law and Politics
202(5)
Additional Sources of Information
207(2)
7. The Development of the American City
209(34)
Significant Events in the Development of the American City
210(22)
SIDEBAR: "A City on a Hill"
211(2)
SIDEBAR: The First Urban Planning
213(2)
SIDEBAR: The Ten Largest Cities, 1790-1990
215(3)
SIDEBAR: Urban Bosses and Machine Politics: The Tweed Ring
218(3)
SIDEBAR: The Settlement House Movement
221(1)
SIDEBAR: Skyscrapers
222(6)
SIDEBAR: Suburbs and the American Dream
228(1)
SIDEBAR: Urban Renewal
229(2)
TABLE: Secretaries of Housing and Urban Development
231(1)
Significant Events in the Rise and Fall of Rural America
232(5)
TABLE: Secretaries of Agriculture
234(3)
Major Legislative Acts Affecting Cities
237(1)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Cities and Farm Areas
238(1)
Significant People in the Development of American Cities and Agriculture
238(3)
Additional Sources of Information
241(2)
8. Foreign Affairs
243(30)
Significant Events in Foreign Affairs
244(17)
The Federalist Era: Asserting Independence
244(1)
SIDEBAR: Secretaries of State
245(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of State
245(2)
Expansion and Imperialism: The United States Grows
247(2)
SIDEBAR: Gunboat Diplomacy and the Building of the Panama Canal
249(1)
The Modern Era: Onto the World Arena
250(1)
SIDEBAR: Woodrow Wilson and World Peace
251(2)
SIDEBAR: The Atlantic Charter
253(1)
SIDEBAR: The United Nations
253(1)
SIDEBAR: The National Security Council
254(6)
SIDEBAR: Key Players in Foreign Policy Today
260(1)
Major U.S. Treaties
261(1)
Doctrines in U.S. Foreign Policy
262(1)
The Cold War
262(2)
SIDEBAR: Power Unbound: The CIA
263(1)
No More Nukes: The Road to Nuclear Disarmament
264(1)
Significant Supreme Court Decisions and Legislative Acts Affecting Foreign Affairs
265(1)
Significant People in American Foreign Policy
266(5)
Additional Sources of Information
271(2)
9. Business, Labor, and Economics
273(38)
Significant Events in American Business
274(20)
The Colonial Era
274(1)
SIDEBAR: Mercantilism
274(2)
The Federal Era
276(2)
SIDEBAR: Tariffs and Trade
278(2)
The Industrial Era
280(2)
SIDEBAR: Millionaires: An All-American Achievement
282(1)
SIDEBAR: The Trusts
283(2)
SIDEBAR: The Gold Standard
285(1)
The Modern Era
285(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of Commerce and Labor
286(2)
TABLE: Secretaries of Commerce
288(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of Labor
288(4)
TABLE: Secretaries of Energy
292(1)
SIDEBAR: The Debt: How It Grew
293(1)
Panics and Depressions
294(1)
The Rise and Fall of Labor
295(5)
SIDEBAR: Child Labor
296(4)
Major Acts of Congress Affecting Business, Commercial Agriculture, and Labor
300(2)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Business, Commercial Agriculture, and Labor
302(2)
Significant People in American Business, Labor, and Economics
304(5)
Additional Sources of Information
309(2)
10. Education
311(22)
Significant Events in American Education
312(14)
The Colonial Era
312(1)
The Early Republic
312(1)
SIDEBAR: The Rise and Fall of Parochial Education
313(1)
SIDEBAR: Women's Education
314(2)
The Industrial Era
316(1)
SIDEBAR: Vocational Education
317(1)
The Modern Era
318(1)
SIDEBAR: Democracy and Education
319(2)
TABLE: Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare
321(1)
SIDEBAR: Brown v. Board of Education
321(4)
TABLE: Secretaries of Education
325(1)
The Costs of Education, 1900-1900
325(1)
TABLE: Average Annual Expenditure per Student in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools
325(1)
TABLE: Average Teacher Salaries
325(1)
SIDEBAR: Literacy: How Americans Read
326(1)
Acts of Congress Affecting Education
326(1)
SIDEBAR: Special Education
327(1)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Education
327(2)
Significant People in American Education
329(3)
Additional Sources of Information
332(1)
11. Science and Medicine
333(30)
Significant Events in American Science and Medicine
334(19)
SIDEBAR: Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806)
335(1)
SIDEBAR: Maria Mitchell (1818-1889)
336(1)
SIDEBAR: The Evolution Revolution
337(1)
SIDEBAR: Clara Barton and the American Red Cross
338(2)
SIDEBAR: Thomas Alva Edison
340(2)
SIDEBAR: Behaviorism
342(3)
SIDEBAR: Quantum Mechanics and Refugee Scientists
345(1)
SIDEBAR: Linus Pauling
346(1)
SIDEBAR: The Manhattan Project
347(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare
348(1)
TABLE: Secretaries of Health and Human Services
349(2)
SIDEBAR: The Federal Government and Health Care
351(2)
American Nobel Prizes in the Sciences (through 1996)
353(2)
Chemistry
353(1)
Physics
354(1)
Physiology or Medicine
354(1)
Supreme Court Cases and Acts of Congress Affecting Science and Medicine
355(1)
Significant People in Science and Medicine
356(6)
Additional Sources of Information
362(1)
12. Transportation and Communication
363(34)
Significant Events in Transportation and Communication
364(23)
SIDEBAR: The Trial of John Peter Zenger
364(3)
FIGURE: Railroad Construction, 1830-1920
367(2)
SIDEBAR: The Pony Express
369(1)
SIDEBAR: The Golden Age of U.S. Railroads
370(3)
FIGURE: Railroad Network, 1890
373(11)
TABLE: Secretaries of Transportation
384(3)
After the Wright Brothers: Famous American Airplane Flights
387(1)
Significant Events in American Space Exploration
388(1)
Acts of Congress Affecting Transportation and Communication
388(2)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Transportation and Communication
390(1)
Significant People in Transportation and Communication
390(5)
Additional Sources of Information
395(2)
13. Religion
397(24)
Significant Events in American Religion
398(14)
SIDEBAR: The Salem Witch Trials
399(1)
SIDEBAR: Revivalism
400(4)
SIDEBAR: The Land of Utopia
404(5)
SIDEBAR: The Establishment Clause
409(3)
Religions Founded in America
412(1)
SIDEBAR: Religion and Higher Education
412(1)
African-Americans and Religion
413(2)
Supreme Court Decisions Affecting Religion
415(1)
Significant People in American Religion
416(3)
Additional Sources of Information
419(2)
14. American Culture
421(42)
Significant Events in American Literature
422(3)
SIDEBAR: Poets Laureate of the United States
425(1)
SIDEBAR: American Nobelists
425(1)
Significant People in American Literature
425(3)
Significant Events in American Art
428(4)
TABLE: Art Movements in the United States
431(1)
Significant People in American Art
432(2)
SIDEBAR: The National Endowment for the Arts
434(1)
Significant Events in American Music
434(3)
SIDEBAR: Uniquely American: Jazz
436(1)
Significant People in American Music
437(2)
Significant Events in American Architecture
439(2)
Significant People in American Architecture
441(1)
Significant Events in American Theater
442(3)
SIDEBAR: Opening the Theatrical Door to Everyone
444(1)
An American Invention: Musical Theater
445(1)
Significant People in American Theater and Musical Theater
446(2)
Significant Events in American Dance
448(1)
SIDEBAR: Influential American Dance Companies
449(1)
Important Choreographers in American Dance
449(2)
The Development of Art Photography
451(1)
Significant Events in American Popular Culture
452(8)
An Affair to Remember: Americans and the Movies
458(2)
SIDEBAR: Ten Favorite American Movies and What They Grossed as of 1995
460(1)
Supreme Court Decisions and Congressional Legislation Affecting the Arts
460(1)
Additional Sources of Information
461(2)
Index 463

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews