Given the volatility of the Italian economy, it may be considered surprising to discover that Italy has a non-profit sector. However, the dual pressures of containing the government deficit in order to stay in Europe, while also improving the quality, efficiency and quantity of services, have caused non-profit organizations to come to the fore in public life. This is a close analysis of the non-profit sector in Italy, seeking to show that such organizations operate in more diverse fields than those of the traditional "welfare" sectors. They are widespread in the fields of culture, entertainment, social recreation, conservation and environmental areas, and the safeguarding of civil and labour union rights. The book offers an insight into the workings of the Italian economy and society, and should interest economists, sociologists and policy analysts.