Manwoo Lee offers his readers a rare opportunity to closely observe Korean political leaders as they follow the chaotic, frequently violent, and twisted road to democracy. This is an eyewitness account of the Korean odyssey; of Korea's three famous Kims and Roh Tae-woo; of the dramatic political events leading to the presidential election in December, 1987; of the parliamentary elections in April, 1988, and of the formation of a super-ruling party in 1990. Manwoo Lee's readers benefit from his presence in the office of one of the presidential candidates and from his conversations with leaders directly responsible for the fate of Korean democracy. His thesis: South Korea's political instability is primarily the result of an imbalance between the country's social and political development compounded by its undemocratic political culture.
The Odyssey of Korean Democracy covers the period from December 1986 to January 1990. Chapter 1 provides a broad introduction that includes a discussion of the major contradictions in Korean politics and society. Chapter 2 explains the emergence of the two Kims, their confrontations with the ruling party, and their rough road to compromise. Chapters 3 and 4 deal with regional problems, the presidential campaigns, and the emergence of Roh Tae-woo. The last three chapters focus on post-presidential politics: the demoralized opposition parties; voting frenzy in the spring general elections; and how Roh and the three Kims run Korea's new, very fragile democracy. Understanding what happened in Korean politics since 1987 is a prerequisite to understanding the breakdown of Korea's repressive authoritarian system.
About the Author
MANWOO LEE is Chairman of the Political Science Department at Millersville University in Pennsylvania and co-founder of the The Journal of Developing Areas. He is author of Alliance Under Tension: The Evolution of South KoreanU.S. Relations.
Table of Contents
Advancing Society, Political Illegitimacy, Radicalism, and Political Culture
The Rough Road To Compromise
The 1987 Presidential Election: Phase One
The 1987 Presidential Election: Phase Two
The PostPresidential Election: The April 1988 General Election and the Birth of the Ruling Minority Party
Roh and the Three Kims: From Confrontation and Cooperation into a Major Political Realignment
Suggested Readings in English on Korean Politics and Society