This is a comprehensive examination of the strategic affairs of the Persian Gulf since the Gulf War of 1991. The authors conclude that the arms race in the Persian Gulf should be controlled, but maintain it is likely to continue because of the clashing strategic perspectives of Saudi Arabia and Iran, and because of the sustained willingness of all major suppliers to find new revenue sources for their declining defense industries in the post-Cold War decade. They also argue that the U.S. should not adopt a policy of isolating or ignoring Iran in its endeavors to find security arrangements in the Persian Gulf, and that a weakened Iraq has become a major source of instability in the Persian Gulf.
About the Author
M. E. AHRARI is Professor of Middle East and West Asian Affairs at the United States Air War College. He is a specialist in American policy process, with interests in foreign and defense policies, superpower relations in the Middle East, and the political economy of oil. His books include The Gulf and International Security (1989), Ethnic Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy (Greenwood Press, 1987), OPECThe Failing Giant (1986), and The Dynamics of Oil Diplomacy: Conflict and Consensus (1980). He has also published extensively in professional journals in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Asia.
JAMES H. NOYES has been a Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution since 1985. He served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Near Eastern, African, and South Asian Affairs in the Nixon and Ford administrations. He has written The Clouded Lens: Persian Gulf Security and U.S. Policy( 1979, 1981) and his most recent publications have appeared in American-Arab Affairs and in M. E. Ahrari's (editor), The Gulf and International Security (1989). Since 1984, he has served as editor of the Middle East section of Yearbook on International Communist Affairs.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Background and Overview by M. E. Ahrari and James H. Noyes
The Outside Powers and the Persian Gulf
Policies of the United States and the CIS: A Post-Cold War Perspective by James H. Noyes
The Persian Gulf: A European Challenge to U.S. Hegemony? by Leon T. Hadar
Dominant Indigenous Players
Iran in the Post-Cold War Persian Gulf Order by M. E. Ahrari
Iraq and the Post-Cold War Order by Ahmad Hashim
The Saudi Role in the New Middle East Order by Joseph Twinam
Strategic Issues and Prospects
Gulf Oil: Geo-Economic and Geo-Strategic Realities in the Post-Cold War and Post-Gulf War Era by David Winterford and Robert E. Looney
Arms Race in the Persian Gulf: The Post-Cold War Dynamics by M. E. Ahrari
The Gulf Cooperation Council: Prospects for Collective Security by Kenneth Katzman
Conclusion: Regional Outlook by M. E. Ahrari and James H. Noyes
Appendix A: The Proliferation of Chemical Weapons in the Middle East and Its Implications
Appendix B: The Proliferation of Ballistic Missiles in Selected Middle Eastern Countries