Since the construction of the first Holy Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem in 957 BCE, the site became one of the holiest places for Jews, Christians, and Muslims around the world. Once the Dome of the Rock was built during early Islam, the edifice replaced the temple and for centuries pilgrims, travelers, and locals would climb up to the Mount Scopus summit for the magnificent view it afforded. Hence, planning and building an institute of national importance on Mount Scopus could not disregard the implications of that view of the Temple Mountin terms of beauty, religious sentiments, and the link to a historic golden age.
The Planning and Building of the Hebrew University, 1919–1948: Facing the Temple Mount traces, for the first time, the history of the construction of this highly significant Zionist enterprise. It follows the years of the British Mandate rule over Palestine, bookended between the Ottoman Empire government and Israel's independencean era of great changes in the area, Jerusalem in particular.
In the three decades between 1919 and 1948, five different master plans were drawn up for the university, though none of them were fully implemented. Only seven buildings were designed and fully completed. Each plan and building presented an interpretation of a university conception that also related to prevailing styles and ideological trends. Underlying each one were intricate power struggles, donors' wishes, and architectural concerns. Internationally famous town-planners and architects such as Patrick Geddes and Erich Mendelsohn took part in designing the campus. The book also reveals comparatively unknown architects and their contribution to the campus.
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About the Author
Diana Dolev teaches at the School of Design at the Holon Institute of Technology.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Jerusalem and the Mount Scopus Site
Chapter 2: Patrick Geddes and Frank Mears: The First Master-Plan, 1919–1920
Chapter 3: Fritz Kornberg: Necessary Necessary Beginnings, 1923–1925
Chapter 4: Frank Mears and Benjamin Chaikin: First Three New Buildings, 1926–1929
Chapter 5: Julian Clarence Levi: The Donor’s Vision for the Jewish Studies Building, 1929
Chapter 6: Benjamin Chaikin: The Neoclassic Open-Air Theater, 1933
Chapter 7: Erich Mendelsohn: Secular Spirituality, 1934–1941
Chapter 8: Carl Rubin and Jacob Jawicz: The Museum of Jewish Antiquities, 1941
Chapter 9: Joseph Douglas Weiss: The Completion of the Jewish Studies Building, 1936–1940
Chapter 10: Richard Kauffmann: The University City, 1944–1948