The Plot: Designing Diversity in the Built Environment: a Manual for Architects and Urban Designers

The Plot: Designing Diversity in the Built Environment: a Manual for Architects and Urban Designers

by Jonathan Tarblatt

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781859464434
Publisher: RIBA Publishing
Publication date: 06/30/2012
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 7.90(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introducing the Plot 9

1.1 The plot: designing diversity 12

1.2 The diversity agenda: why it's important 14

1.3 Policy and practice: the challenge for designers 15

2 Understanding the Plot 19

2.1 The plot in urban design theory and practice 20

2.2 Terminology 22

2.2.1 The plot 22

2.2.2 The parcel 23

2.2.3 The block 23

2.2.4 Urban grain 28

2.2.5 Density 28

2.2.6 Diversity 30

2.2.7 Sustainability 32

2.3 The plot so far 36

2.4 How we lost the plot 38

3 Guiding the Plot 45

3.1 The Status of guidance 46

3.2 Planning Policy 46

3.2.1 The National Planning Policy Framework 46

3.2.2 Planning Policy Wales 48

3.2.3 Scottish Planning Policy 48

3.2.4 Planning policy in Northern Ireland 49

3.2.5 Planning policy in the Republic of Ireland 49

3.3 Diversity and the objectives of urban design 50

3.4 Urban design guidelines 50

3.4.1 By Design: Urban design in the planning system - towards better practice 51

3.4.2 Urban Design Compendium 51

3.4.3 By Design: Better places to live - a companion guide to PPG3 54

3.4.4 Building for Life: Delivering great places to live 55

3.4.5 Preparing Design Codes: A Practice manual 55

3.4.6 Urban Design Manual: A best practice guide - a companion document to the Guidelines for Planning Authorities on Sustainable Residential Development in Urban Areas 56

4 Developing the Plot 59

4.1 Supply and demand for plots 60

4.1.1 Supply 62

4.1.2 Demand 66

4.2 Obstacles and Opportunities for plots 68

4.2.1 Forward funding 68

4.2.2 Taxation 70

4.2.3 Regulatory issues 74

4.3 Alternative development models 77

4.3.1 Strategic land investment model 77

4.3.2 Self building 78

4.3.3 Building cooperatives 79

4.3.4 Co-housing 79

4.4 Key Stakeholders 81

4.4.1 The designer 81

4.4.2 The project champion 84

4.4.3 The local authority 84

4.4.4 The project delivery team 85

4.4.5 The developer 85

4.4.6 The client 86

5 Designing the Plot 89

5.1 Strategic approaches to designing diversity 90

5.2 Promoting sustainable densities 95

5.3 Determining viability 97

5.4 Mixing compatible uses 100

5.5 Configuring the block and plot 102

5.5.1 Block size and shape 102

5.5.2 Plot size and configuration 102

5.5.3 Corners 110

5.5.4 Grain 112

5.6 A toolkit for designing close- and mixed-grain blocks and plots 112

5.6.1 Close-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with back-to-back plots 114

5.6.2 Close-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with shared parking court 118

5.6.3 Close-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with rear access lane 122

5.6.4 Close-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with shared courtyard 124

5.6.5 Close-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with double-loaded access 128

5.6.6 Close-grain (mixed-use) hybrid block with through plots 130

5.6.7 Mixed-grain (mixed-use) perimeter block with rear access lane 132

5.6.8 Medium-grain (mainly residential) perimeter block with shared courtyard 136

5.6.9 Close-grain (mixed-use) perimeter block with shared podium courtyard 140

5.6.10 Medium-grain (mixed-use) perimeter block 144

5.6.11 Ready reckoner 148

5.6.12 Testing the plot 151

6 Detailing the Plot 153

6.1 The cadastral masterplan 156

6.2 Rules for building 156

6.2.1 The building envelope 156

6.3 Rules for coordination 169

6.3.1 Coordinating party walls 169

6.3.2 Coordinating the interface between private and shared elements 171

6.3.3 Coordinating ancillary uses 171

6.4 Bringing it all together 171

7 Conclusion 175

References 180

Endnotes 184

Index 190

Picture Credits 192

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