Using a mix of ethnographic, survey, and comparative historical methodologies, this book offers an unprecedented insight into the corruption economies of Ukrainian and Belarusian universities, hospitals, and secondary schools. Its detailed analysis suggests that political turnover in hybrid political regimes has a strong impact on petty economic crime in service-provision bureaucracies. Theoretically, the book rejects the dominant paradigm that attributes corruption to the allegedly ongoing political transition. Instead, it develops a more nuanced approach that appreciates the complexity of corruption economies in non-Western societies, embraces the local meanings and functions of corruption, and recognizes the stability of new post-transitional regimes in Eastern Europe and beyond. This book offers a critical look at the social costs of transparency, develops a blueprint for a 'sociology of corruption', and offers concrete and feasible policy recommendations. It will appeal to scholars across the social sciences, policymakers and a variety of anti-corruption and social justice activists.
About the Author
Marina Zaloznaya is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Iowa. She received an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison and a Ph.D. in Sociology from Northwestern University, Illinois. Her research on informal economies, corruption, and political transformations in non-democratic societies has been supported by multiple grants, including grants from the Open Society Institute, the National Science Foundation, and the US Department of Defence. It has also been featured in a number of key sociology and interdisciplinary journals.
Table of Contents
Introduction; 1. Beyond transition: political turnover and bureaucratic corruption in hybrid regimes; 2. The secret life of universities in post-Soviet Ukraine; 3. Fear and transparency in the universities of post-Soviet Belarus; 4. High political turnover and cross-organizational variation in corruption in post-Soviet Ukraine; 5. Low political turnover and cross-sectoral variation in corruption in post-Soviet Belarus; Conclusion.