The Politics of Croatia-Slavonia 1903-1918: Nationalism, State Allegiance and the Changing International Order

The Politics of Croatia-Slavonia 1903-1918: Nationalism, State Allegiance and the Changing International Order

by Fernando Veliz


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The Politics of Croatia-Slavonia 1903-1918: Nationalism, State Allegiance and the Changing International Order by Fernando Veliz

The gradual erosion of allegiance to the Monarchy in Croatia-Slavonia at the beginning of 20th century was a long and protracted process that saw the abandonment of the concept of Croatian state right for the principle of ethno-national self-determination. But the main objective of all variants of Croatian nationalism remained the reform of the constitutional arrangements in Austria-Hungary until almost the very end of its existence. It was only with the realisation that the Monarchy would cease to exist that the decision to accept unification with Serbia became an acceptable option. The subject of Fernando Veliz' study is the fundamental alteration of state allegiance, political claims and their respective legitimating arguments by political elites in Croatia-Slavonia during the last fifteen years of the Habsburg Monarchy. The argument has been developed by following a chronological narrative that incorporates a comparative analysis of the main political parties and actors in the Croatian parliament in Zagreb between 1903 and 1918. The analytical approach moves beyond the main paradigmatic debates of the literature of nationalism studies by conducting a theoretically informed historical analysis that seeks to contextualise local events within the wider framework of the changing international order. From a historiographical point of view, the emphasis on the lack of inevitability of outcomes makes this study sit uncomfortably with the grand narratives that have emerged about the creation of the first Yugoslavia, be it those who see it as inevitable and those who see it as inherently bound to fail from the outset.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783447067003
Publisher: Harrassowitz Verlag
Publication date: 01/01/2013
Series: Balkanologische Veroffentlichungen des Osteuropa-Instituts an der Freien Universitat Berlin Series , #55
Pages: 217
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

List of Main Political Parties and Politicians 9

Preface 15

1 Introduction 17

1.1 Subject Definition and Research Questions 17

1.2 Nationalism and the International Order 26

1.3 The Debate about Nations and Nationalism 33

1.4 Using History: Problems of Interpretation 42

2 Historiographical Debates 55

2.1 Croatian and Yugoslav Controversies 55

2.2 Habsburg Debates: Was the Empire Doomed? 62

3 The Habsburg Monarchy and the development of Croatian Nationalism 71

3.1 The Habsburg Monarchy until 1848 72

3.2 The Nationalities Question and the Monarchy after 1848 77

3.3 Illyrianism, Yugoslavism and Croatian Nationalism 87

4 From the 'New Course' to the Annexation Crisis 1903-1909 95

4.1 Main Political Parties and Programmes 97

4.2 The Annexation Crisis and the Croatian Question 107

4.3 Aftermath and Political Change 112

4.4 Concluding Remarks 117

5 Prelude and Consequences to The Balkan Wars 1910-1913 121

5.1 New Ban and New Elections but the Problem Remains 122

5.2 Unrest in Croatia-Slavonia and the Balkan Wars 127

5.3 Doubting the West, Turning East 133

5.4 Concluding Remarks 141

6 The Experience of the First World War 1914-1917 143

6.1 The Monarchy and the First World War 144

6.2 Croatia-Slavonia during the First World War 151

6.3 Exile Politics, Serbia and the South-Slav Question 161

6.4 Concluding Remarks 164

7 The Endgame 1918 167

7.1 Options before the Storm 168

7.2 The Turning Point: The Summer of 1918 175

7.3 The State that Never Was 180

7.4 Concluding Remarks 193

8 Conclusion 195

8.1 Re-interpreting the Politics of Croatia-Slavonia 196

8.2 Nationalist Claims and the International Order 202

References 207

Archival Sources 207

Quoted Newspapers 207

Books and Articles 208

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