The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP

by Philipp Lepenies


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The Power of a Single Number: A Political History of GDP by Philipp Lepenies

Widely used since the mid-twentieth century, GDP (gross domestic product) has become the world's most powerful statistical indicator of national development and progress. Practically all governments adhere to the idea that GDP growth is a primary economic target, and while criticism of this measure has grown, neither its champions nor its detractors deny its central importance in our political culture.

In The Power of a Single Number, Philipp Lepenies recounts the lively history of GDP's political acceptance—and eventual dominance. Locating the origins of GDP measurements in Renaissance England, Lepenies explores the social and political factors that originally hindered its use. It was not until the early 1900s that an ingenuous lone-wolf economist revived and honed GDP's statistical approach. These ideas were then extended by John Maynard Keynes, and a more focused study of national income was born. American economists furthered this work by emphasizing GDP's ties to social well-being, setting the stage for its ascent. GDP finally achieved its singular status during World War II, assuming the importance it retains today. Lepenies's absorbing account helps us understand the personalities and popular events that propelled GDP to supremacy and clarifies current debates over the wisdom of the number's rule.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780231175104
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 05/03/2016
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 9.30(w) x 11.90(h) x 9.80(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Philipp Lepenies is guest professor for social science at the Free University of Berlin. His research focuses on the success of economic ideas and concepts in politics. He is also the author of Art, Politics, and Development: How Linear Perspective Shaped Policies in the Western World (2013).

Table of Contents

1. What It's All About: A Short Primer on GDP
2. William Petty and Political Arithmetic: The Origins of GDP
3. The Frustrations of Colin Clark: England
4. Simon Kuznets and the Politics of Gross National Product: The United States
5. War, Kidnapping, and Data Theft: Germany
6. The Ultimate Triumph of Gross National Product

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