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The Power of Identity: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture Volume II / Edition 2

The Power of Identity: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture Volume II / Edition 2

by Manuel Castells


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The Power of Identity: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture Volume II / Edition 2

In this second volume of The Information Age trilogy, withan extensive new preface following the recent global economiccrisis, Manuel Castells deals with the social, political, andcultural dynamics associated with the technological transformationof our societies and with the globalization of the economy.

  • Extensive new preface examines how dramatic recent events havetransformed the socio-political landscape of our world
  • Applies Castells’ hypotheses to contemporary issues suchas Al Qaeda and global terrorist networks, American unilateralismand the crisis of political legitimacy throughout the world
  • A brilliant account of social, cultural, and political conflictand struggle all over the world
  • Analyzes the importance of cultural, religious, and nationalidentity as sources of meaning for people, and its implications forsocial movement
  • Throws new light on the dynamics of global and localchange

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781405196871
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 12/29/2009
Series: Information Age Series
Edition description: 2nd Edition with a New Preface
Pages: 584
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Manuel Castells is Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Planning at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also University Professor and the Wallis Annenberg Chair in Communication Technology and Society at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, and Professor of Sociology at the Open University of Catalonia in Barcelona. He is Distinguished Visiting Professor of Technology and Society at M.I.T., and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Internet Studies at Oxford University. He is the recipient of numerous academic awards, including the Guggenheim Fellowship, C. Wright Mills Award, the Robert and Helen Lynd Award from the American Sociological Association, and the Ithiel de Sola Pool Award from the American Political Science Association. He is a Fellow of the European Academy, a Fellow of the Spanish Royal Academy of Economics, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He has received 16 honorary doctorates from universities around the world. He has authored 23 books, among which are: the trilogy The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture, first published by Blackwell in 1996–8, which has been translated into 20 languages; and Communication Power (2009).

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Table of Contents

List of Figures xii

List of Tables xiv

List of Charts xvi

Preface to the 2010 Edition of The Power of Identityxvii

Preface and Acknowledgments 2003 xxxvii

Acknowledgments 1996 xliii

Our World, our Lives 1

1 Communal Heavens: Identity and Meaning in the NetworkSociety 5

The Construction of Identity 6

God's Heavens: Religious Fundamentalism and Cultural Identity12

Umma versus Jahiliya: Islamic fundamentalism 13

God save me! American Christian fundamentalism 23

Nations and Nationalisms in the Age of Globalization: ImaginedCommunities or Communal Images? 30

Nations against the state: the breakup of the Soviet Union andthe Commonwealth of Impossible States (Sojuz NevozmoznykhGosudarstv) 35

Nations without a state: Catalunya 45

Nations of the information age 54

Ethnic Unbonding: Race, Class, and Identity

in the Network Society 56 Territorial Identities: The LocalCommunity 63

Conclusion: The Cultural Communes of the Information Age 68

2 The Other Face of the Earth: Social Movements against theNew Global Order 71

Globalization, Informationalization, and Social Movements 72

Mexico's Zapatistas: The First Informational Guerrilla Movement75

Who are the Zapatistas? 77

The value structure of the Zapatistas: identity, adversaries,and goals 80

The communication strategy of the Zapatistas: the Internet andthe media 82

The contradictory relationship between social movement andpolitical institution 85

Up in Arms against the New World Order: The American Militia andthe Patriot Movement 87

The militias and the Patriots: a multi-thematic informationnetwork 90

The Patriots’ banners 95

Who are the Patriots? 98

The militia, the Patriots, and American society 99

The Lamas of Apocalypse: Japan's Aum Shinrikyo 100

Asahara and the development of Aum Shinrikyo 101

Aum's beliefs and methodology 104

Aum and Japanese society 105

Al-Qaeda, 9/11, and Beyond: Global Terror in the Name of God108

The goals and values of al-Qaeda 111

The evolving process of al-Qaeda’s struggle 115

The mujahedeen and their support bases 119

The young lion of the global jihad: Osama bin Laden 124

From bin Laden to bin Mahfouz: financial networks, Islamicnetworks, terrorist networks 128

Networking and media politics: the organization, tactics, andstrategy of al-Qaeda 135

9/11 and beyond: death or birth of a networked, global,fundamentalist movement? 140

"No Globalization without Representation!": TheAnti-globalization Movement 145

"El pueblo desunido jamas sera vencido": the diversity of theanti-globalization movement 147

The values and goals of the movement against globalization152

Networking as a political way of being 154

An informational movement: the theatrical tactics ofanti-globalization militants 156

The movement in context: social change and institutional change158

The Meaning of Insurgencies against the New Global Order 160

Conclusion: The Challenge to Globalization 166

3 The Greening of the Self: The Environmental Movement168

The Creative Cacophony of Environmentalism: A Typology 170

The Meaning of Greening: Societal Issues and theEcologists’ Challenge 179

Environmentalism in Action: Reaching Minds, Taming Capital,Courting the State, Tap-dancing with the Media 186

Environmental Justice: Ecologists' New Frontier 190

4 The End of Patriarchalism: Social Movements, Family, andSexuality in the Information Age 192

The Crisis of the Patriarchal Family 196

Women at Work 215

Sisterhood is Powerful: The Feminist Movement 234

American feminism: a discontinuous continuity 235

Is feminism global? 243

Feminism: an inducive polyphony 252

The Power of Love: Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movements 261

Feminism, lesbianism, and sexual liberation movements in Taipei266

Spaces of freedom: the gay community in San Francisco 271

Summing up: sexual identity and the patriarchal family 279

Family, Sexuality, and Personality in the Crisis ofPatriarchalism 280

The incredibly shrinking family 280

The reproduction of mothering under the non-reproduction ofpatriarchalism 288

Body identity: the (re)construction of sexuality 294

Flexible personalities in a post-patriarchal world 299

The End of Patriarchalism? 301

5 Globalization, Identification, and the State: A PowerlessState or a Network State? 303

Globalization and the State 304

The transnational core of national economies 305

A statistical appraisal of the new fiscal crisis of the state inthe global economy 307

Globalization and the welfare state 312

Global communication networks, local audiences, uncertainregulators 316

A lawless world? 321

The Nation-state in the Age of Multilateralism 323

Global Governance and Networks of Nation-states 328

Identities, Local Governments, and the Deconstruction of theNation-state 332

The Identification of the State 337

The Return of the State 340

The state, violence, and surveillance: from Big Brother tolittle sisters 340

American unilateralism and the new geopolitics 344

The Iraq War and its aftermath 349

The consequences of American unilateralism 353

The Crisis of the Nation-state, the Network State, and theTheory of the State 356

Conclusion: The King of the Universe, Sun Tzu, and the Crisis ofDemocracy 364

6 Informational Politics and the Crisis of Democracy367

Introduction: The Politics of Society 367

Media as the Space of Politics in the Information Age 371

Politics and the media: the citizens’ connection 371

Show politics and political marketing: the American model375

Is European politics being "Americanized"? 381

Bolivia's electronic populism: compadre Palenque and the comingof Jach'a Uru 386

Informational Politics in Action: The Politics of Scandal391

The Crisis of Democracy 402

Conclusion: Reconstructing Democracy? 414

Conclusion: Social Change in the Network Society 419

Methodological Appendix 429

Appendix for Tables 5.1 and 5.2 429

Appendix for Figure 6.9: Level of Support for Mainstream Partiesin National Elections, 1980–2002 456

Summary of Contents of Volumes I and III 464

References 466

Index 512

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"Every now and then one reads a book of social science that is uplifting and mind expanding. These books are ambitious and lustrous, teaching us much about our world. Such is this work from the brilliant sociologist Manuel Castells. There is no other sociological work today that brings together in one panoramic expanse so many of the changes now occurring. This is a story not simply of global economic change, but of cultural upheavals. It is a tale not simply of the decline of sovereign states, but of the emergence of the new bases of power. And it is a narrative not merely about computer technology or the media, but of the very terms in which those agents work."
Anthony M. Orum, Contemporary Sociology

"A magnum opus if ever there was one. In my view, the finest piece of contemporary social analysis for at least a generation."
Frank Webster, British Journal of Sociology

"A truly stunning achievement. A scholar who, with remarkable mastery, has brought his experience over a lifetime to bear on astonishingly diversified data set, pulling them together into a compelling account of the complex relationship between the progressive and the reactionary, the globalizing and particularizing forces that are transforming our perplexing world."
Benjamin Barber, The Los Angeles Times Sunday Book Reviews

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