The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Seventh Edition demonstrates the vital role research plays in criminology and criminal justice by integrating in-depth, real-world case studies with a comprehensive discussion of research methods. By pairing research techniques with practical examples from the field, Ronet D. Bachman and Russell K. Schutt equip students to critically evaluate and confidently conduct research.
The Seventh Edition of this best-selling text retains the strengths of previous editions while breaking ground with emergent research methods, enhanced tools for learning in the text and online, and contemporary, fascinating research findings. This edition incorporates new topics like intelligence-led policing, social network analysis (SNA), the evolution of cybercrime, and more. Students engage with the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of new exercises to help them practice as they learn.
|Edition description:||Seventh Edition|
|Product dimensions:||8.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)|
About the Author
Ronet D. Bachman, Ph D, worked as a statistician at the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, before going back to an academic career; she is now a professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. She is coauthor of Statistical Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice and coeditor of Explaining Criminals and Crime: Essays in Contemporary Criminal Theory. In addition, she is the author of Death and Violence on the Reservation and coauthor of Stress, Culture, and Aggression; Murder American Style; and Violence: The Enduring Problem; along with numerous articles and papers that examine the epidemiology and etiology of violence, with particular emphasis on women, the elderly, and minority populations as well as research examining desistance from crime. Her most recent federally funded research was a mixed-methods study that examined the long-term desistance trajectories of drug-involved offenders who were released from prison in 1990, followed from 1990 through 1995, and interviewed again in 2009.
Russell K. Schutt, Ph D, is a professor and the chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and a lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts Mental Health Center). He completed his BA, MA, and Ph D (1977) at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a postdoctoral fellowship in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University (1977–1979). His other books include Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research and Fundamentals of Social Work Research (with Ray Engel), Making Sense of the Social World (with Dan Chambliss), and Research Methods in Psychology (with Paul G. Nestor)all with SAGE Publications, as well as Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness (Harvard University Press) and Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (coedited with Larry J. Seidman and Matcheri S. Keshavan, also Harvard University Press). Most of his peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters focus on the effect of social context on cognition, satisfaction, functioning, and recidivism, the orientations of service recipients and of service and criminal justice personnel, and the organization of health and social services. He is currently a coinvestigator for a randomized trial of peer support for homeless dually diagnosed veterans, funded by the Veterans Administration.
Table of Contents
PrefaceAcknowledgmentsAbout the AuthorsSECTION I: FOUNDATIONS FOR SOCIAL RESEARCHChapter 1: Science, Society, and Research Related to Crime, Criminology, and Social Control Reasoning About the Social World The Social Science Approach Alternative Research Orientations More on the Role of Values in Research Quantitative and Qualitative Methods Highlighting a Few Specific Types of Research Methods Strengths and Limitations of Social Research A Comment on Research in a Diverse Society ConclusionChapter 2: The Process and Problems of Research Related to Crime and Criminology Identifying a Research Question Social Research Foundations The Role of Theory Social Research Strategies Social Research Standards ConclusionChapter 3: Ethical Guidelines for Research Historical Background Ethical Principles The Institutional Review Board Research Involving Special Populations: Prisoners and Children ConclusionSECTION II: FUNDAMENTALS OF RESEARCHChapter 4: Conceptualization and Measurement Concepts Variables and Levels of Measurement Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure? A Comment on Measurement in a Diverse Society ConclusionChapter 5: Sampling Sample Planning Sampling Methods Sampling Distributions ConclusionChapter 6: Causation and Research Design Causal Explanations Criteria and Cautions for Nomothetic Causal Explanations Research Designs and Causality Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning ConclusionSECTION III: RESEARCH DESIGNSChapter 7: Experimental Designs History of Experiments True Experiments Quasi-Experiments Validity in Experiments External Events Contamination Treatment Misidentification Factorial Survey Design Ethical Issues in Experimental Research ConclusionChapter 8: Survey Research Survey Research in the Social Sciences Designing Questionnaires Writing Survey Questions Organization of the Questionnaire The Cover Letter Survey Designs Errors in Survey Research Ethical Issues in Survey Research ConclusionChapter 9: Qualitative Methods: Observing, Participating, and Listening Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods Participant Observation Systematic Observation Intensive Interviewing Focus Groups Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research ConclusionSection IV: Topical Research DesignsChapter 10: Analyzing Content: Research Using Secondary, Historical, and Comparative Data and Content Analysis Analyzing Secondary Data Historical and Comparative Methods Oral History Historical Process Research Content Analysis Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content ConclusionChapter 11: Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, and Big Data Social Network Analysis Crime Mapping Big Data Ethical Issues When Using Big Data ConclusionChapter 12: Evaluation and Policy Analysis A Brief History of Evaluation Research Design Decisions Evaluation in Action Quasi-Experimental Designs in Evaluation Research Nonexperimental Designs Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Policy Research: Increasing Demand for Evidence-Based Policy Basic Science or Applied Research Ethics in Evaluation ConclusionChapter 13: Mixing and Comparing Methods What Are Mixed Methods? Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods Comparing Results Across Studies Ethics and Mixed Methods ConclusionSECTION V: AFTER THE DATA ARE COLLECTEDChapter 14: Analyzing Quantitative Data Introducing Statistics Preparing Data for Analysis Displaying Univariate Distributions Summarizing Univariate Distributions Cross-Tabulating Variables Regression and Correlation Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie About Relationships ConclusionChapter 15: Analyzing Qualitative Data Features of Qualitative Data Analysis Qualitative Compared With Quantitative Data Analysis Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis ConclusionChapter 16: Summarizing and Reporting Research Research Report Goals Writing Is Not Easy! Research Report Types Displaying Research Ethics, Politics, and Reporting Research Plagiarism ConclusionAppendix A: Questions to Ask About a Research ArticleAppendix B: How to Read a Research ArticleGlossaryReferencesIndex