The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

by Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt

Paperback(Seventh Edition)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781544339122
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 01/29/2019
Edition description: Seventh Edition
Pages: 616
Product dimensions: 8.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Ronet D. Bachman, Ph D, worked as a statistician at the Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, before going back to an academic career; she is now a professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. She is coauthor of Statistical Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice and coeditor of Explaining Criminals and Crime: Essays in Contemporary Criminal Theory. In addition, she is the author of Death and Violence on the Reservation and coauthor of Stress, Culture, and Aggression; Murder American Style; and Violence: The Enduring Problem; along with numerous articles and papers that examine the epidemiology and etiology of violence, with particular emphasis on women, the elderly, and minority populations as well as research examining desistance from crime. Her most recent federally funded research was a mixed-methods study that examined the long-term desistance trajectories of drug-involved offenders who were released from prison in 1990, followed from 1990 through 1995, and interviewed again in 2009.

Russell K. Schutt, Ph D, is a professor and the chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and a lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School (Massachusetts Mental Health Center). He completed his BA, MA, and Ph D (1977) at the University of Illinois at Chicago and a postdoctoral fellowship in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University (1977–1979). His other books include Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research and Fundamentals of Social Work Research (with Ray Engel), Making Sense of the Social World (with Dan Chambliss), and Research Methods in Psychology (with Paul G. Nestor)—all with SAGE Publications, as well as Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness (Harvard University Press) and Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (coedited with Larry J. Seidman and Matcheri S. Keshavan, also Harvard University Press). Most of his peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters focus on the effect of social context on cognition, satisfaction, functioning, and recidivism, the orientations of service recipients and of service and criminal justice personnel, and the organization of health and social services. He is currently a coinvestigator for a randomized trial of peer support for homeless dually diagnosed veterans, funded by the Veterans Administration.

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Chapter 1: Science, Society, and Research Related to Crime, Criminology, and Social Control
Reasoning About the Social World
The Social Science Approach
Alternative Research Orientations
More on the Role of Values in Research
Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
Highlighting a Few Specific Types of Research Methods
Strengths and Limitations of Social Research
A Comment on Research in a Diverse Society
Chapter 2: The Process and Problems of Research Related to Crime and Criminology
Identifying a Research Question
Social Research Foundations
The Role of Theory
Social Research Strategies
Social Research Standards
Chapter 3: Ethical Guidelines for Research
Historical Background
Ethical Principles
The Institutional Review Board
Research Involving Special Populations: Prisoners and Children
Chapter 4: Conceptualization and Measurement
Variables and Levels of Measurement
Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure?
A Comment on Measurement in a Diverse Society
Chapter 5: Sampling
Sample Planning
Sampling Methods
Sampling Distributions
Chapter 6: Causation and Research Design
Causal Explanations
Criteria and Cautions for Nomothetic Causal Explanations
Research Designs and Causality
Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning
Chapter 7: Experimental Designs
History of Experiments
True Experiments
Validity in Experiments
External Events
Treatment Misidentification
Factorial Survey Design
Ethical Issues in Experimental Research
Chapter 8: Survey Research
Survey Research in the Social Sciences
Designing Questionnaires
Writing Survey Questions
Organization of the Questionnaire
The Cover Letter
Survey Designs
Errors in Survey Research
Ethical Issues in Survey Research
Chapter 9: Qualitative Methods: Observing, Participating, and Listening
Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods
Participant Observation
Systematic Observation
Intensive Interviewing
Focus Groups
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research
Section IV: Topical Research Designs
Chapter 10: Analyzing Content: Research Using Secondary, Historical, and Comparative Data and Content Analysis
Analyzing Secondary Data
Historical and Comparative Methods
Oral History
Historical Process Research
Content Analysis
Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data
Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content
Chapter 11: Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, and Big Data
Social Network Analysis
Crime Mapping
Big Data
Ethical Issues When Using Big Data
Chapter 12: Evaluation and Policy Analysis
A Brief History of Evaluation Research
Design Decisions
Evaluation in Action
Quasi-Experimental Designs in Evaluation Research
Nonexperimental Designs
Qualitative and Quantitative Methods
Policy Research: Increasing Demand for Evidence-Based Policy
Basic Science or Applied Research
Ethics in Evaluation
Chapter 13: Mixing and Comparing Methods
What Are Mixed Methods?
Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods
Comparing Results Across Studies
Ethics and Mixed Methods
Chapter 14: Analyzing Quantitative Data
Introducing Statistics
Preparing Data for Analysis
Displaying Univariate Distributions
Summarizing Univariate Distributions
Cross-Tabulating Variables
Regression and Correlation
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie About Relationships
Chapter 15: Analyzing Qualitative Data
Features of Qualitative Data Analysis
Qualitative Compared With Quantitative Data Analysis
Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis
Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis
Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis
Chapter 16: Summarizing and Reporting Research
Research Report Goals
Writing Is Not Easy!
Research Report Types
Displaying Research
Ethics, Politics, and Reporting Research
Appendix A: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
Appendix B: How to Read a Research Article

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