The Professional Counselor: A Process Guide to Helping

The Professional Counselor: A Process Guide to Helping

by Harold L. Hackney

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Overview

The Professional Counselor: A Process Guide to Helping by Harold L. Hackney

This book is written for the counseling reader who is entering the experiential phase of training. The book provides a conceptual structure for viewing the counseling process and then examines each part of that structure in depth, addressing necessary counseling skills.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780137255085
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date: 01/28/1987
Pages: 352

Table of Contents

1. The Context for Counseling.
What is Counseling?
Why Counseling?
The Parameters of Counseling.
Counseling and Theory  Counseling and Philosophy  Counseling and Culture
Counseling Conditions and Their Effects.
Case Illustration of Possible Counseling Outcomes.
Characteristics of Effective Helpers.
Self-Awareness and Understanding  Good Psychological Health  Sensitivity to and Understanding of Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Factors  Open-mindedness  Objectivity  Competence  Trustworthiness  Interpersonal Attractiveness
The Developmental Nature of Learning to Counsel.
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

2. Stages and Skills of Counseling.
Stages of Counseling.
Establishing the Relationship  Assessing the Problem  Goal-Setting  Initiating Interventions  Termination and Follow-up
Using the Stages to Plan for Counseling.
Client's Experience in Counseling.
Rapport and the Client's Experience  Assessment and the Client's Experience  Goal-Setting and the Client's Experience  Interventions and the Client's Experience  Termination and the Client's Experience  Dependence and Growth
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

3. Rapport and Relationship.
Characteristics of an Effective Therapeutic Relationship.
Empathy  Genuineness  Positive Regard
Behaviors Associated with Empathy.
Nonverbal Attentiveness  Verbal Attentiveness
Paraphrasing and Reflecting Client Messages.
Paraphrasing Client Communication  Reflecting Client Feelings
Conditions that ConveyGenuineness.
Congruence  Openness and Self-Disclosure  Immediacy
Conditions that Convey Positive Regard.
Enhancing Responses
Functions of a Therapeutic Relationship.
Effects of Therapeutic Relationships on Clients.
The Relationship Stage - The Case of Lenore.
Children and the Counseling Relationship.
Summary.
Exercises.
Feedback for Exercises
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

4. Assessing Client Problems.
Purposes of Assessment.
Components of Assessment.
Intake or History Interviews  Problem Definition
Clinical Assessment with Children.
Issues Related to Child Clinical Assessment
Clinical Assessment with Couples and Families.
Using Assessment Information.
Skills Associated with Assessment.
Clarifying Questions  Open-ended Questions  Closed Questions
Effect of Assessment on Clients.
The Intake Interview - The Case of Angela.
Integration of Material from Intake
Problem Definition Analysis
Integration of Problem Definition with Treatment Planning.
Summary.
Exercises.
Feedback for Exercises
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

5. Developing Counseling Goals.
Functions of Counseling Goals.
Parameters of Goal-Setting: Process and Outcome Goals.
Three Elements of Good Outcome Goals.
Obstacles in Developing Specific Goals.
Skills Associated with Goal-Setting.
The Confrontation  The Ability-Potential Response
Effects of Goal-Setting on Clients.
Goal-Setting and Multicultural Issues.
Client Participation in Goal-Setting.
Resistance to Goal-Setting.
Case Illustration of Goal-Setting.
Summary.
Exercises.
Feedback for Exercises
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

6. Defining Strategies and Selecting Interventions.
Theory and the Working Alliance.
Worldview and the Working Alliance.
Presenting Problems and the Working Alliance.
Time and the Working Alliance.
Identified Goals and the Working Alliance.
Strategy Selection.
Categories of Counseling Interventions.
Case Illustration of Strategy and Interventions Selection.
Defining a Counseling Strategy.
Applicable Strategies  Selecting Interventions  Choosing the Right Strategy
Strategies for Working with Children.
Adapting Strategies to Multicultural Issues.
Summary.
Exercises.
Feedback for Exercises
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

7. Affective Interventions.
Theories that Stress the Importance of Feelings.
Affective Interventions.
The Goals of Affective Interventions
Helping Clients Express Affect.
Cultural Variables and Affect Expression.
Nonverbal Affect Cues. Nonverbal Cues and Cultural Differences
Verbal Affect Cues.
Verbal Cues for Positive Affect  Verbal Cues of Anger  Verbal Cues of Fear  Verbal Cues of Emotional Pain
Helping Clients Sort Out Feelings.
Emotions Checklist  Emotional Percentages Chart  Emotions Balloons Chart
Focusing Techniques.
Case Illustration of Focusing
Helping Clients Integrate or Change Feeling States.
Role Reversal  Alter Ego  The Empty Chair  Dreamwork
Body Work Therapy.
Client Reactions to Affective Interventions.
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

8. Cognitive Interventions.
Goals of Cognitive Intervention.
Culture and Cognitive Processes.
The Analysis of Cognitive Problems.
A-B-C-D Analysis.
The Case of Marguerite  Getting to the A, or Activating Event  Getting at the C  Getting at the Bs  Disputing (D) the IBs
Case Illustration of A-B-C-D Analysis.
The Case of Yvonne  Cognitive Disputation  Behavioral Disputation
Injunctions and Redecision Work.
Case Illustration of Injunctions and Redecision Work.
The Case of Marie
Cognitive Restructuring.
Introduction and Use of Coping Thoughts  Shifting from Self-Defeating to Coping Thoughts
Differences between RET and Cognitive Restructuring.
Paradoxical Interventions.
Reframing.
Symptom Prescription.
Resisting Therapeutic Change.
The Case of Sue
Positioning.
A Final Point.
Client Reactions to Cognitive Strategies.
Summary.
Exercises.
Feedback for Exercises
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

9. Behavioral Interventions.
Goals of Behavioral Interventions.
Social Modeling.
(in vivo) Modeling  Symbolic Modeling  Covert Modeling  Characteristics of the Modeled Presentation  Modeling and Self-Efficacy  Desirable Characteristics of Models
Role-Play and Behavior Reversal.
Role-Play as a Method of Behavior Change
Modeling, Rehearsal, and Feedback: Components of Skill Training.
Case Illustration of Skill Training
Anxiety Reduction Models.
Relaxation Training
Systematic Desensitization.
Hierarchy Construction
Eye Movement Desensitization.
Case Illustration of Anxiety Reduction
Self-Management.
Using Self-Management Interventions  Client Commitment to Self-Management  Case Illustration of Self-Management
Client Reactions to Behavioral Interventions.
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

10. Systemic Interventions.
Interpersonal Systems Thinking.
Altering Communication Patterns.
Communication Skill-Building.
Role-Playing  Negotiation and Conflict Management
Altering Family Structure.
Joining with the Family  Generating and Observing Interactions  Recognizing Physical Alignments  Using the Family Genogram  Family Sculpture  Case Illustration of Family Sculpture  Diagnosing the Family Structure  Identifying and Modifying Interactions
Working with Families Strategically.
Preparing for the Intervention  Directives for Change
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

11. Termination and Follow-Up.
Termination Stage.
Theoretical Determinants of Termination  Pragmatic Determinants of Termination
When Clients Initiate Termination.
When the Counselor Terminates.
Premature Termination.
The Termination Report.
Termination as a Process.
Assessing Progress  Summarizing Progress  Generalizing Change  Planning for Follow-up  The Referral Process  The Need to Refer  Evaluating Potential Sources
Coordinating the Transfer.
Preparing the Client  Communication with the Receiving Professional;
Blocks to Termination.
Client Resistance to Termination  Counselor Resistance to Termination
Case Illustration of Termination.
First Session  Fourth Session  Seventh Session  Ninth Session  Tenth and Final Session
Summary.
Exercises.
Discussion Questions.
Recommended Readings.

12. Applying Counseling Skills to Unique Situations.
Crisis Intervention.
Nature of Crisis  Stages of Crisis Intervention  Skills Associated with Crisis Intervention  Doing Crisis Intervention counseling  Summary
Consultation.
Consultation Defined  Models of Consultation  Stages of Consultation  Skills Associated with Consultation  Cultural Differences in Consultation  Summary
Conflict Management and Resolution.
Conflict Defined  The Nature of Conflict  Stages of Conflict Resolution  Conflict Management as Prevention  Skills Associated with Conflict Resolution  Summary  The Counselor and Unique Situations: A Postscript
Recommended Readings.

Bibliography.

Appendix A.

Appendix B.

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