The Professional Scientist / Edition 1

The Professional Scientist / Edition 1

by Lee Rainwater
Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis


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The Professional Scientist / Edition 1

This classic book, available in paperback for the first time, is based on a 1962 study of the American Chemical Society, one of the great U. S. scientific societies. The society has a membership educated in the fundamental scientific field of chemistry, whose knowledge and talents are essential to modem industrial civilization. Without chemistry, we would have neither automobiles, nuclear devices, nor all the varied products essential to our modern way of life.Chemists are caught up in the dynamic changes in our society. The explosive advance of scientific knowledge leads to increasing specialization until experts in one field may have little in common with those in another. Also, as the knowledge and skills of chemistry are incorporated in the workaday world of industry, more and more trained chemists spend their days in routine application and organization of their skills and knowledge.The unique element of this study is its assessment of the role and function of a professional society for its members. Not much is known of how professionals feel about their societies, what they expect of them, or how they function for their members.Such studies assume increasing importance as the trend toward professionalization incorporates more specialized skills and as the members of these professions look increasingly to their societies for assistance in establishing their rights and privileges vis-à-vis the rest of society. This remains a unique effort at professional ethnography.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412818582
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 05/15/2011
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Anselm Strauss (1916-1996) was an American medical sociologist and professor at the University of Chicago. He was elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1980.

Lee Rainwater is professor emeritus of sociology at Harvard University and research director emeritus of the Luxembourg Income Study. He was an editor at Transaction, the associate editor of theJournal of Marriage and the Family, and a member of the review board of Sociological Quarterly. He has written various books and many professional journal articles, including Poor Kids in a Rich Country: America’s Children In Comparative Perspective; Income Packaging in the Welfare State: A Comparative Study of Family Income; and Social Policy and Public Policy: Inequality and Justice.

Table of Contents

Part I A Science Profession

1 Professions and Industrialization: A Framework for the Study 3

2 How the Study Was Made 14

3 Chemistry in its Organizational Context 27

Chemistry Compared with Other Fields 27

Chemists in Industry 30

4 Major Groups Within Chemistry 36

Locale and Hierarchy: The Conditions for Diversity 37

University and College Chemists 39

Non-Acadeic Research Ph.D.'s 41

Research Administrators 42

Administrative and Other Non-Research Chemists 43

Non-Ph.D. Researchers 44

The Bench Chemists 45

Chemical Engineers 46

Summary 47

Part II The Chemist's Work World

5 Recruitment into Chemistry 51

Social Origins 53

Recruitment into Chemistry 56

6 Careers for Chemists 75

Mobility among Locales 76

Mobility Upward from Research 81

Conceptions of a Successful Career 83

Careers in Industry 88

Careers on Campus 99

Summary 103

7 The Chemist's Work Morale 106

Income 107

Satisfactory Professional Work 110

Opportunity for Scientific Development 113

Advancement 116

8 How Others See Chemists 124

Values, Virtues and Shortcomings 129

How Chemists See Themselves 134

Part III Professional Status and Professional Society

9 Imageries of Professional Status 141

The Chemist as a Professional 142

Chemistry and Other Professions 144

Chemistry and Medicine 145

Chemists and the Public 151

Some Potential Dangers to the Profession 160

Chemists and Industrial Management 165

10 The Professional Organization: Membership and Symbolism 172

Non-Members of the ACS 173

Membership and Participation 175

Is the Society Sufficiently Professional? 177

Functions of the Society: Present and Possible 180

Who Runs the Society? 184

Attitudes Toward Membership 187

Symbolic Meanings of the Society 189

11 The SymbolizaUon of Homogeneity and Diversity 199

12 A Concluding Note on Professions 217


A Additional Tables 231

B Personal Interview Guides 247

C Mail Questionnaire 269

Index 277

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