The Psychology of Habit according to William Ockham

The Psychology of Habit according to William Ockham

by Oswald Fuchs
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Overview

""The facts concerning habit are a commonplace of our every-day existence. All our ordinary actions, like walking, eating, speaking, and the others, are attributable, in part at least, to acquired habits. Our social conventions and our moral behaviour reveal the effect of habits. Success in business, art and the professions is due in great measure to this same force.

These observable facts leave little room for discussion. The problem of habit is not whether there is such a thing, but rather how to explain it. What is the basis of habit, that is the question.""--From the introduction.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781498294881
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 04/18/2016
Pages: 130
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.20(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction xi

Chapter I General Notions on Habit 1

Definition and Criterion of Habit 1

Habit-Formation 5

Essential Effect of Habit 8

Differentiation of Habits 11

Integration of Habits 13

Chapter II Habits in the Cognitive Processes 18

On the Intellective Level 18

In Intuitive Perception 18

In Abstractive Cognition 22

In Memory 29

Retention 29

Recognition 30

Recall 34

In Forgetting 39

On the Sense Level 42

Chapter III Habits in the Conative Processes 49

On the Sense Level 49

In the Appetite 49

Connected with the Passions 50

Primary Passions 51

Secondary Passions 59

The Inclinations of Habit 62

On the Volitive Level 64

Acts, Passions, and Habits 64

The Inclinations of Habit 69

Inclinations in the Will from the Sense Appetite 71

On the Physical Level 76

Chapter IV Habits in Moral Behaviour 80

Subjective Basis of Virtue 80

Objective Norm of Virtue 84

Elements of a Virtuous Act 88

Moral Significance of Passions Through Virtues 92

Residual Effects of Virtues on Passions 96

Integration of Virtues 98

Chapter V Summary and Conclusion 104

Bibliography 107

Index 109

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