Thomas Paine (1736/7-1809) was an influential British-American thinker, revolutionary, author, and intellectual. Born in England, Paine emigrated to the American colonies in 1774, where he became an ardent supporter of American Independence. Considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Paine's COMMON SENSE proved to be an instant bestseller during the revolution through its explanation of the absurdities of British rule. In the 1790s, Paine moved to France, where he became a supporter of the French Revolution and a member of the National Convention. After narrowly escaping execution during the Reign of Terror, Paine continued to support the revolution and remained in France until the rise of Napoleon.
The Rights of Man by Thomas Paineby Thomas Paine
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In RIGHTS OF MAN, American founding father and patriot Thomas Paine expounds the Lockean notions of natural rights and the social contract. Paine argues that popular revolutions, like the American and French Revolutions, are just and legal when governments fail to protect the natural rights of the people, fails to protect the people, or look after their national interests. RIGHTS OF MAN was written in response to Edmund Burke's attack on the French Revolution in REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION IN FRANCE.
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