Following on her history of the women's movement in America that took the story to 1876, Jean Matthews's new book chronicles the changing fortunes and transformations of the organized suffrage movement, from its dismal period of declining numbers and campaign failures to its final victory in the Nineteenth Amendment that brought women the vote. Ms. Matthews's engaging narrative recaptures the personalities and ideas that characterized the movement in these years. She draws deft portraits and analyzes the intellectual currentsin politics, the economy, sexuality, and social thoughtthat competed for women's commitment. And she shows how new leadership and new strategies at last brought success in the long struggle during which many feminist leaders had grown old. The Rise of the New Woman emphasizes the historical contexts, including progressivism, in which the women's movement operated; the disputes and tensions within the movement itself; and the perennial question of who was to be included and excluded in the quest for women's rights. It also considers the often baffling aftereffects of the 1920 constitutional victory, when women found themselves wondering what to do next. With 24 black-and-white illustrations. American Ways Series. "Lively and informative."Kirkus Reviews "Although Matthews frequently paints her historical overview in broad strokes, she nonetheless excels at filling in a fascinating background, giving new insights on lesser-known but equally influential people, facts, and situations."Booklist
About the Author
Jean Matthews is professor emeritus at the University of Western Ontario, and author of Toward a New Society and Women's Struggle for Equality, a history of the women's movement from 1828 to 1876, also in the American Ways Series. She lives in Oakland, California.
Table of Contents
Part 1 Acknowledgements ix Part 2 THE WOMAN'S ERA 3 Chapter 3 The "restlessness" of women. "Visible" women and the city. Women on campus. Organized womanhood. Varieties of religious experience. Purifying societythe Women's Christian Temperance Union. The suffrage movement at end of century. Women and Columbian Expo Part 4 THE NEW WOMAN AND THE NEW POLITICS 36 Chapter 5 The "New Woman" as a cultural type. Education and "race suicide." The marginality of the professional woman. White-collar working girls and "bachelor women." Women as the advance guard of the welfare state. Motherhood triumphant and dependent. Part 6 THINKING ABUOT THE WOMAN QUESTION 67 Chapter 7 The problem of the universal dominance of men. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage challenge the churches and the Bible. Darwinism and the evolutionary paradigm. The "reproductive sacrifice" and eugenics. Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the dysfun Part 8 FEMINISM AND THE PROBLEM OF SEX 96 Chapter 9 Marriage and careers. The emergence of "feminism." Sexuality, intimacy, and remodeling relations between the sexes. New patterns of heterosexual socialbility and companionship. Elsie Clew Parsons and breaking down conventions. Margaret Sanger and the birt Part 10 WAR AND VICTORY 126 Chapter 11 The suffrage movement gains momentum. Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Equality League. The impact of English militancy and new tactics. Successful campaigns in California and New York. The "antis." Alice Paul and the "Anthony Amendment." Carrie Chapman Cat Part 12 AFTER THE VOTE 158 Chapter 13 What next? Initial successes. Backlash and stalling of the social agenda. Alice Paul and the ERA. The meaning of equality. Postmortems on feminism. Disillusions. The post-vote gender settlement. Part 14 THE FATE OF THE ERA 184 Part 15 A Note on Sources 187 Part 16 Index 205
What People are Saying About This
"...An excellent synthesis of the past two decades of scholarship in the social and cultural histories of American women."
American Studies, University of Massachusetts, Boston
"...Engagingly written.... Appealing and informative for general audiences, useful and accessible for students, and...enjoyable...for scholars in the field."
"[An] incisive look at a critical time in American history."