In 1731 the archbishop of Salzburg expelled twenty thousand Protestants who refused to abjure their religion. Three hundred of these emigrants accepted the invitation of the Georgia Trustees to settle in their new colony. The first Salzburger transport arrived in 1734 and was followed during the next seven years by three more. The Salzburgers named their colony Ebenezer.
Based mainly on detailed journals and letters written by the Salzburgers' pastor, Johann Martin Boltzius, this work describes the expulsion of the Salzburger emigrants, their journey to Georgia, the hardships they endured, and their eventual success in cattle raising, agriculture, lumbering, and silk culture and also includes details of the Swiss, Palatines, and Württembergers who joined them. Appended is a composite list of Ebenezer's inhabitants in High German forms to facilitate genealogical research in European archives and correct errors in the version published by the Ebenezer Church.
was a professor emeritus of German and comparative literature at the University of Maryland. He is the author of The Georgia Dutch: From the Rhine and Danube to the Savannah, 1733-1783 and the general editor and translator of sixteen volumes of the Detailed Reports of the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America (all Georgia).
About the Author
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 The Expulsion 1
Chapter 2 Old and New Ebenezer 14
Chapter 3 Progress and Palatines 37
Chapter 4 War and Peace 62
Chapter 5 New German Settlements and Swabian Transports 82
Chapter 6 Slavery, Prosperity, and the Death of Boltzius 103
Chapter 7 Dissension and Destruction 121
Appendix 1 Salzburger Names 139
Appendix 2 Inhabitants of Ebenezer and Its Dependencies 143