ISBN-10:
0674024621
ISBN-13:
9780674024625
Pub. Date:
05/15/2007
Publisher:
Harvard
The Sand Wasps: Natural History and Behavior

The Sand Wasps: Natural History and Behavior

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Overview

Howard Ensign Evans was a brilliant ethologist and systematist for whom the joy of science included lying on his belly in some remote location, digging out and diagramming a wasp's nest. During his career, Evans described over 900 species and authored

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674024625
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 05/15/2007
Pages: 360
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Howard Ensign Evans was Professor Emeritus of Entomology at Colorado State University. From 1960 to 1973, he headed Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Kevin M. O’Neill is Professor of Entomology, Montana State University, and author of Solitary Wasps: Natural History and Behavior.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Mary Alice Evans

Preface

1. Introduction

A Sand Wasp Sojourn

Sand Wasp Natural History¹/¹Sand Wasp Science

Sand Wasp Classification: A Short Course

Biology of the Bembicinae: A Primer

2. Cool Wasps of the Alyssontini

Alysson

Overview of the Tribe Alyssontini

3. Cicada and Hopper Hunters of the Gorytini

Clitemnestra

Exeirus

Sphecius

Tanyoprymnus

Ammatomus

Argogorytes

Harpactus

Trichogorytes

Austrogorytes

Gorytes

Pseudoplisus

Lestiphorus

Liogorytes

Hoplisoides

Sagenista

Overview of the Tribe Gorytini

4. Brood Parasites of the Nyssonini

Nysson

Acanthostethus

Zanysson

Overview of the Tribe Nyssonini

5. Stizini: A Mixed Tribe of Hopper Hunters and Brood Parasites

Stizus

Stizoides

Bembecinus

6. Bembicini: The Diverse New World Genera

Bicyrtes

Microbembex

Hemidula

Rubrica

Selman

Stictia

Editha

Trichostictia

Zyzzyx

Stictiella

Microstictia

Glenostictia

Xerostictia

Steniolia

7. Bembicini: The Cosmopolitan Genus Bembix

Nearctic Bembix

Neotropical Bembix

Palearctic Bembix

Oriental Bembix

Afrotropical Bembix

Australasian Bembix

Overview of Bembix

8. Comparative Ethology of Sand Wasps

Habitat

Nesting Substrate

Nest Dispersion: Causes and Consequences

Interspecific Nesting Associations

Nest Construction

Orientation and Homing

Oviposition and Provisioning

Estimates of Lifetime Reproductive Success

Prey Type

Measuring Prey Diversity

Hunting and Prey Paralysis

Prey Carriage

Feeding by Adults

Brood Parasitic Bembicinae

Natural Enemies

Male Behavior

Sleeping

Sand Wasp Conservation

Appendix: Research Wish List

References

Index

What People are Saying About This

Thomas D. Seeley

Forty years ago, in The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of Sand Wasps, Howard Ensign Evans surveyed all that was known of the behavior of sand wasps. By mapping on the group's cladogram the modifications of their behavior (in nest building, brood provisioning, prey carrying, egg laying, etc.), he showed with unusual clarity the origins and evolution of these wasps' behavior patterns. The present work by Evans and Kevin O'Neill provides a beautiful update of our knowledge of this behaviorally and ecologically diverse group of wasps. The authors show ever so clearly how this group of large, brightly colored, and behaviorally complex wasps remains attractive to students of animal behavior, and how it offers tremendous potential for an integration of phylogenetic analyses with comparative behavioral studies to reveal a remarkable adaptive radiation in insect behavior.
Thomas D. Seeley, Cornell University, author of The Wisdom of the Hive: The Social Physiology of Honey Bee Colonies

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