ISBN-10:
1566766125
ISBN-13:
9781566766128
Pub. Date:
03/09/1998
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications

The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications

by Frank R. Spellman, Steven Strauss

Hardcover

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Overview

The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications

Introduction
Setting the Stage
Scope of Text
Definitions of Key Terms
All about Water
Introduction
How Special, Strange, and Different is Water?
The Properties and Characteristics of Water
Inflammable Air + Vital Air=Water
Just Two H�s and One O
Somewhere Between 0� and 105�
The Water Cycle (Hydrologic Cycle)
Water Sources
What Are the Major Sources of Drinking Water?
Water Use
Water Mathematics
Introduction
Basic Math: Conversion of Fractions to Decimals
Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation
Powers of Ten Notation
Scientific Notation
Dimensional Analysis
Rounding Off a Number
Equations: Solving for the Unknown
Solving Simple Equations
Checking the Answer
Setting Up the Equation
Ratio and Proportion
Ratio
Proportion
Finding Averages
Percent
Percent: Practical Applications
Perimeter and Circumference
Area
Volume
Conversion Factor
Temperature Conversion
Other Important Conversions
Pressure and Head Calculations
Calculations for Flow
Instantaneous Flow Rate
Average Flow Rate
Annual Average Daily Flow
Peak-Hour Demand
Peak-Day Demand
Minimum-Day Demand
Peak-Month Demand
Minimum-Month Demand
Detention Time
Water Hydrology
Hydraulics
Terminology
Basic Concepts
Properties of Water: Temperature/Specific Weight/Density
Density and Specific Gravity
Force and Pressure
Head
Measuring Flow
Piezometric Surface
Water Chemistry
Introduction
The Structure of Water
Changing Matter
Atomic Structure of Water
Atoms and Molecules
Periodic Table of Elements
Ions
Water�s Ability to Dissolve
Water: Components of
Turbidity
Water Color
Dissolved Oxygen (D.O.)
Metals in Water
Organic Matter
Inorganic Matter
pH
Alkalinity
Hardness
Chemicals Used in Water/Wastewater Treatment Processes
Odor Control (Wastewater Treatment)
Disinfection
Chemical Precipitation
Adsorption
Coagulation
Taste-and-Odor Removal
Recarbonation
Ion Exchange Softening
Scaling and Corrosion Control
Water Biology
Introduction
Microorganisms
Microorganisms (In General)
Classification
The Cell
Bacteria
Protozoa and Other Microorganisms
Algae
Fungi
Biological Processes (Wastewater Treatment)
Aerobic Process
Anaerobic Process
Anoxic Process
Photosynthesis
Growth Cycles
Self-Purification
Biogeochemical Cycles
Carbon Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
Sulfur Cycle
Requirements for Biological Activity
Water Ecology
Introduction
Why Study Water Ecology?
General Aspects of Running Waters
Running Waters: Variations from Place to Place
Major Physical Factors of Running Waters
Lotic Habit
Characteristics of Aquatic Organisms Based on Mode of Life
Limiting Factors
Sources of Energy to Running Water Food Webs
Lotic Ecosystems
Running Water and the Heavy Hand of Man
Biotic Indicators of Pollution
Water Quality
Introduction
Water Quality: Regulatory Requirements
Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974
Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (Clean Water Act, CWA)
Characteristics of Water and Wastewater
Physical Characteristics of Water/Wastewater
Chemical Characteristics of Water
Chemical Characteristics of Wastewater
Biological Characteristics of Water/Wastewater
Water/Wastewater Treatment
Introduction
Water Treatment Systems
Screening
Coagulation
Flocculation
Sedimentation
Filtration
Disinfection
Softening
Wastewater Treatment
How Does Wastewater Treatment Work?
Primary Treatment
Secondary Treatment
Tertiary Treatment
Water Use
Introduction
Water Supply and Demand (Global)
Water Supply Problems
Water Resource Management
Water Pollution
Introduction
Major Water Pollutants
Oxygen-Demanding Wastes
Disease-Causing Agents
Inorganic Chemicals and Minerals
Radioactive Substances
Thermal Pollution
Organic Chemicals
Sources of Water Pollution
Water Quality Management
The Rhine River Disaster
Water Reuse
Introduction
Water Reuse/Reclamation
Reuse Terms
Reuse for Nonpotable Purposes
Nonpotable Urban Uses
Water Quality Requirements of Reclaimed Water for Urban Nonpotable Reuse
Potable Water Reuse
References"

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781566766128
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/09/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

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