The Second World: How Emerging Powers Are Redefining Global Competition in the Twenty-First Century

The Second World: How Emerging Powers Are Redefining Global Competition in the Twenty-First Century

by Parag Khanna



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780141027784
Publisher: Penguin Group (USA)
Publication date: 04/28/2009

About the Author

Parag Khanna directs the Global Governance Initiative in the American Strategy Program of the New America Foundation. He has been a fellow at the Brookings Institution and worked for the World Economic Forum and the Council on Foreign Relations. During 2007, he was a senior geopolitical advisor to U.S. Special Operations Command. Born in India, Khanna was raised in the United Arab Emirates, the United States, and Germany. He holds undergraduate and graduate degrees from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and is completing his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics. He has written for major global publications such as The New York Times and Financial Times and appeared on CNN and other television media around the world. Having traveled in close to one hundred countries. He is a member of the Explorers Club.

Table of Contents

Preface     ix
Introduction: Inter-Imperial Relations     xiii
The West's East
Brussels: The New Rome     3
The Russian Devolution     10
Ukraine: From Border to Bridge     16
The Balkans: Eastern Questions     26
Turkey: Marching East and West     36
The Caucasian Corridor     47
Conclusion: Stretching Europe     60
Affairs of the Heartland
The Silk Road and the Great Game     65
The Russia That Was     71
Tibet and Xinjiang: The NewBamboo Curtain     78
Kazakhstan: "Happiness Is Multiple Pipelines"     85
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: Sovereign of Everything, Master of Nothing     93
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan: Men Behaving Badly     98
Afghanistan and Pakistan: Taming South-Central Asia     108
Conclusion: A Change of Heart     115
The End of the Monroe Doctrine
The New Rules of the Game     121
Mexico: The Umbilical Cord     132
Venezuela: Bolivar's Revenge     137
Colombia: The Andean Balkans?     144
Brazil: The Southern Pole     152
Argentina and Chile: Very Fraternal Twins     159
Conclusion: Beyond Monroe     166
InSearch of the "Middle East"
The Shattered Belt     171
The Maghreb: Europe's Southern Shore     176
Egypt: Between Bureaucrats and Theocrats     191
The Mashreq: Road Maps     204
The Former Iraq: Buffer, Black Hole, and Broken Boundary     220
Iran: Virtues and Vices     227
Gulf Streams     234
Conclusion: Arabian Sand Dunes     252
Asia for Asians
From Outside in to Inside Out     257
China's First-World Seduction     269
Malaysia and Indonesia: The Greater Chinese Co-Prosperity Sphere     278
Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam: The Inner Triangle     292
Size Matters: The Four Chinas     300
Conclusion: The Search for Equilibrium in a Non-American World     321
Acknowledgments     343
Bibliography     353
Notes     377
Index     443

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