Within the separate city itself, internal conflicts reflected a structural divide between an empowered black middle class and a larger group comprising the working class and the disadvantaged. Even with these conflicts, the South's new black leadership gained political control in many cities, but it could not overcome the economic forces shaping the metropolis. The persistence of a separate city admitted to the profound ineffectiveness of decades of struggle to eliminate the racial barriers with which southern urban leaders indeed all urban America continue to grapple today.
|Publisher:||University Press of Kentucky|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
John V. Moeser is chairman of the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at Virginia Commonwealth University.