The Shaping of Thought: A Teacher's Guide to Metacognitive Mapping and Critical Thinking in Response to Literature

The Shaping of Thought: A Teacher's Guide to Metacognitive Mapping and Critical Thinking in Response to Literature

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781475830323
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 11/30/2016
Pages: 120
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.30(d)

About the Author

Frank, Lyman, Jr. PhD, is a teacher educator and educational consultant. He is along with Arlene Mindus the originator of Think- Pair- Share, arguably the most used every- student- response, cooperative discussion design at all educational levels in the US and abroad. He was the first American elementary teacher to make comprehensive use of cognitive mapping with students in 1965. His innovation of the ThinkTrix as a student- owned thinking typology promises to place the thinking/questioning initiative with students, and usher “metacognitive mapping” into classrooms.

Charlene López is a former elementary school teacher who provided the structure for the ThinkLink strategy, focusing on student understanding of literary characters through analysis of their traits and feelings, thus leading students to a deeper under-standing of literature and of themselves. Toward these purposes, she developed with students an Idea Book to help them make a personal connection with the characters, stressing universal themes and creating in her classes a community of learners and a unity of ideas.

Arlene Mindus is a former teacher, university supervisor, elementary school principal, and a pioneer in cooperative learning. She was co-inventor with Frank Lyman of Think-Pair-Share and helped to develop ThinkLinks and ThinkTrix.

Table of Contents

Dedication
Foreword—Jay McTighe
Preface
Acknowledgements
Thinklink Prototype Shapes
Introduction
THE THINKLINK CLASSROOM
THINKTRIX: ONE-SIDED
THINKTRIX DISCUSSION BOARD: TWO-SIDED MATRIX
TYPES OF THINKING: THINKTRIX QUESTION EXAMPLES AND STARTERS
A THINKLINK PRIMARY CLASSROOM SCENARIO
THINKTRIX QUESTION GENERATOR: PRIMARY
A THINKLINK INTERMEDIATE CLASSROOM SCENARIO
THINKTRIX QUESTION GENERATOR: INTERMEDIATE/SECONDARY

CHAPTER I: THE CHARACTER THINK LINK
The Character Web
Definition, Prototypes, and Samples
Instruction
Demonstration and Guided Practice Stage
Independent Production Stage
The Character Comparison ThinkLink
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
Demonstration and Guided Practice Stage
Independent Production Stage
SUMMARY

CHAPTER II: THE EVENT THINKLINK
THE EVENT-IDEA THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
THE EVENT-CAUSEÖEFFECT THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
Demonstration and Guided Practice Stage
Independent Production Stage
THE EVENT-ANALOGY THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
SUMMARY

CHAPTER III: THE THEME THINKLINK
THE THEME-EXAMPLE THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
THE THEME CAUSEÖEFFECT THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
Demonstration and Guided Practice Stage
Independent Production Stage
SUMMARY

CHAPTER IV: THE STORY THINKLINK
THE STORY-EXAMPLE-IDEA THINKLINK
Definition and PrototypesInstruction
THE STORY-ANALOGY THINKLINK
Definition and Prototypes
Instruction
SUMMARY
Conclusion
The Kaleidoscope of Learning

APPENDIX
Tools & Cues
List of Familiar Stories
List of Character Traits & Feelings
List of Themes and Ideas
Using Theme CauseÖEffect Questions to Understand Literature and Life
ThinkTrix Icons on Pinch Cards and Wheels
Question Generator
The ThinkLink Classroom: Response to Literature

ACTIVITES
Cause/Effect Essay Model
Cause/Effect Essay Sample: Why Do People Fake
Response to Literature Activities

Glossary of Terms
Bibliography
About the Authors

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