The contribution of Islam to world civilization is undeniable, however in the last one hundred years, Muslims have been faced with all the effects and ramifications of modernity, caused by the emergence of global capitalism. What does modernity ultimately mean for Muslims, and how will the historical precepts of Islam meet with changes in our globalized world?
To date, most scholars on Islam have tried to understand Muslim societies from historical observation alone. Sociological scholarship, on the other hand, argues that it would be difficult to understand Islam without first understanding the theoretical and practical underpinnings of the social structure of Muslim societies which are embedded in the relationship between religion, the economy, politics and society.
This book, therefore, will make a connection between the economic system and its social and political consequences within Muslim societies. The Muslim understanding of secularism, modernity, the state, collective identity, immigration, and Islamic political thought and economic life are all shaped by forces of globalization and new market conditions. However, Islam also influences the West and its perceptions of Islam because of the interdependent relations brought about by the global economy. These interdependencies create social and political transformation on both sides.
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About the Author
Tugrul Keskin is currently an Assistant Professor of International and Middle East Studies at Portland State University. Previously, Dr Keskin was an Adjunct Professor in Sociology and Africana Studies at Virginia Tech and has also served as a Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology at James Madison and Radford Universities. He is a moderator of the Sociology of Islam and Sociology of the Middle East Listserv, and editor of the Sociology of Islam and Muslim Societies Newsletter. He is also a member of the Middle East Sociology Working Group.
Table of Contents
1 The Sociology of Islam Tugrul Keskin 1
Islam, Economy and Politics
2 Islam and Moral Economy Basak Ozaral 21
3 Has Modernity Ruptured Islamic Political Tradition? Ovamir Anjum 45
4 Neo-liberalism and 'Third Way' Islamic Activism: Fethullah Gülen and Turkey's New Elite Joshua D. Hendrick 61
5 From Islamism to Post-Islamism: The Coming of a New Intellectual Trajectory in Pakistan Husnul Amin 91
Globalization and Islam
6 The Multicultural Ummah Corri Zoli 129
7 Power Struggle in the Religious Field of Islam: Modernization, Globalization and the Rise of Salafism Melanie Reddig 153
8 Yusuf al-Qaradawi and Chandra Muzaffar: How Theology Impacts Reformist Views on Islam and Secularism David L. Johnston 177
9 Civil Islam, Means and End of Liberal Piety: Ethnographic Notes from among Turkeys Charitable Foundations Jeremy F. Walton 201
Muslim Society in the West
10 Indigenous and Immigrant Faces of Islam in Poland Katarzyna Górak-Sosnowska 229
11 Muslim Converts and Islamophobia in Britain Leon Moosavi 247
12 Islam in Brazil: Reflections on Economic Life and Religiosity in a Minority Context Cristina Maria de Castro 269
13 Italian Secularism Revisited? Muslims' Claims in the Public Sphere and the Long Struggle Towards Religious Equality Enzo Pace Annalisa Frisina 291
Islam and Muslim Societies
14 Tradition and Response: Islam and Muslim Societies in a Nigerian City David O. Ogungbile 319
15 Religion-State Relations in Malaysia Joseph B. Tamney 343
16 The Islamist Movement in Syria: Historical, Political and Social Struggle Radwan Ziadeh 377
17 Many Hijabs: Interpretative Approaches to the Questions of Islamic Female Dress Rachel Woodlock 395
18 Pluralistic and Informal Welfare Regime: The Roles of Islamic Institutions in the Indonesian Welfare Regime Siti Kusujiarti 419
19 What They Say About the Treatment of Expatriate Workers in the United Arab Emirates Kathryn Schellenberg Mohamed Daassa 453